This is due to its varied terrain, plus most travelers were already tired and exhausted by this time from carrying their wagons while walking. Was the second leader of the mormons. Afterward, they came by railroad, continuing the resettlement until 1890. A militia and night guard were formed. Furthermore, few people carried adequate provisions for the trip. The initial party reached the Missouri River on June 14. It greatly contributed to the westward expansion and played a large role in forming the western United States. An estimate of 43,000 Mormon people successfully reached the Valley of the Great Salt Lake in Utah using the trail network over the span of a few decades. 2. It also broke south along the western part of the Continental Divide and crisscrossed along other trails, such as the Oregon Trail or the California Trail, which other travellers preferred. The Quincy Convention of October 1845 passed resolutions demanding that the Latter-day Saints withdraw from Nauvoo by May 1846. Click the button below to get instant access to these worksheets for use in the classroom or at a home. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. Gravity. They were generally six to seven feet (183 to 213 cm) long, wide enough to span a narrow wagon track, and could be alternately pushed or pulled. STUDY. Young organized a rescue effort that brought the companies in, but more than 210 of the 980 emigrants in the two parties died. [13], Each year during the Mormon migration, people continued to be organized into "companies", each company bearing the name of its leader and subdivided into groups of 10 and 50. Santa Fe Trail Worksheets. Link will appear as The Mormon Trail Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 5, 2020. The Mormons traversing this trail route generally used wagons as a means to transport their essential goods and other needs. Contents. The first Mormon Trail pioneers included 143 men, three women, two young boys, 72 wagons, 93 horses, 66 oxen, 52 mules, 19 cows, 17 dogs, and a number of chickens. [2][9], Now facing a more rugged and hazardous trek, Young chose to follow the trail used by the Donner–Reed party on their journey to California the previous year. See more ideas about Mormon pioneers, Mormon, Mormon trail. The Mormon Trail was the route that the Mormons took to their new home in the West in the mid-1800s. --The trail was about 1,300 miles, roughly half the distance of the Oregon Trail --When the Morman Trail followed the same path as the Oregon Trail, the Mormons travelled on the north side of the Platte River, while those on the Oregon trail stayed on the south side, … In their new settlement, entertainment was also important, and the first public building was a theater. The use of the Oregon-Mormon trail by the Mormons lasted from 1847 to 1869. All along the Mormon trail, and during the years that the pioneers traversed this great trek west, hundreds of Saints of all ages, especially the young and elderly, died from hunger, cold, sickness, disease, and exhaustion. Not ready to purchase a subscription? Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints do not drink tea, coffee, alcohol, or smoke tobacco, or take illegal drugs. 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