Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Beautiful in the garden and a real showstopper in the salad bowl, these can be scattered over green beans tossed in olive oil or atop a baked potato. Alliums which we know as garden plants are prized ingredients in other parts of the world. If you are planting allium flowers, choose spots where you want them to stay, as they are perennials and will come back year after year. Allium Ampeloprasum / Elephant Garlic: This edible but mild garlic variety can grow up to 6 feet tall, producing cloves the size of a normal head of garlic. Garlic is very easy to plant - just let your garlic cloves or shallots sprout, plant them in the garden and you’ll have beautiful cooking ingredients in six-months time! Allium is a large genus: there are 500 species, mostly found in the northern hemisphere, and we have been eating them for a long, long time. Allium Used to Deter Critters. And always make sure you have your plant ID right as many narcissi many look similar to onions to the untrained eye. Allium moly, also known as yellow garlic, golden garlic and lily leek, Is a species of flowering plant in the genus Allium, which also includes the flowering and culinary onions and garlic. It’s officially bulb-planting season again, but for a greedy gardener like me there is often a tense trade-off between what space I dedicate to ornamentals and what I leave for edibles in my tiny urban patch. Attractive Flowers Attracts Pollinators Colorful Fragrance Wildlife Food Source Edibility: Flowers have a mildly bitter flavor and like young leaves can be eaten in small quantities raw in salads and sandwiches or cooked in tea and soups. Blooming in late spring to early summer, the flowers are borne on sturdy, upright stems above strap-shaped green leaves. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. 1. Perfect for flower gardens or large outdoor planters! Aside from keeping your beds weed free, alliums are fairly low maintenance, although light fertilization and mulching will give you greener stalks and larger flowers. The ornamental types are a great addition to the garden with their showy flowerheads in shades of blue, purple, white and pink, bringing globes of colour in spring and early summer. Check out our guide on amazing alliums to learn more about the different plant types and how to grown and use them! Flowers, stems bulbs are edible. While every part of allium is edible, you should make sure your allium flowers are organically grown before attempting to eat them to avoid ingesting pesticides and contaminants. The whole flower is edible. After all, as I have discovered, there is a big difference between technically edible and actually worth eating! Native to Europe and Asia, this ornamental onion belongs to the same genus as the following species: edible garlic, onion, shallot, chives and belongs to the same family as leek.. Fortunately, there is one genus of bulbs that can combine the best of both worlds, giving you dazzling colour and a tasty treat at the same time come spring. Bees, butterflies and other pollinating insects are frequent visitors. Removing dead plant stalks and flowers in the fall is good for reducing risk of disease and pests. September 22, 2020 July 22, 2020 by Kristine Lofgren. And they don't all come with warning names like "deadly nightshade." As an added bonus, all allium flowers are edible. tricoccum has broader leaves, commonly reddish at the base and up to 50 flowers in a cluster. Even when grown in your backyard, you should wash and rinse them well with clean water to get rid of dirt and bugs before placing the flowers on a clean surface to dry. However, these plants are not edible, although their leaves do have a slight onion-like scent when crushed. Some flowers literally look good enough to eat: Nasturtium, borage, violets and other blooms have found their way from vases onto plates at restaurants and even in the homes of adventurous cooks. © 2020 all rights reserved by Organic Authority, Inc, and can not be reproduced without permission in writing. A bulbous herbaceous perennial from the Mediterranean, it is edible and also used as a medicinal and ornamental plant. The Giant Allium adds a wonderful element to a garden and will even catch the eye of the non-gardeners! Garlic planting should ideally happen in the early fall, several weeks before the first frost, but can also be planted in the spring. Floral display: bright and bold Allium ‘Fireworks Mix’. As with onions and garlic, the ornamental alliums have round flower heads composed of dozens of star-shaped flowers. These plants come in a broad palette of colors, shapes and sizes. All plant parts of all species are perfectly edible – in theory. ALLIUM All blossoms from the allium family (leeks, chives, garlic, garlic chives) are edible and flavorful! The ornamental allium is a genus of flowering plant in the same family as edible onions, garlic and chives. As all alliums are very closely related, they produce most of the same flavour compounds and have similar internal chemistry. They like well-drained and slightly fertile soil, but can take clay soil quite well. You wont have to worry much about animals eating the bulbs, as the onion flavor will turn them off. Allium Karataviense / Turkestan Onion: This unique allium grows about a foot tall, producing a beautiful cluster of white blossoms from its lush, broad leaves. Allium Schubertii / Tumbleweed Onion: This two-foot tall allium looks like a relative of the porcupine, but with a closer look you’ll see its actually made up of long, tiny, pink flowers. Email James at james.wong@observer.co.uk or follow him on Twitter @Botanygeek. Here’s why…, Last modified on Tue 19 Jun 2018 07.48 EDT. Allium sphaerocephalon. These are ornamental alliums and they taste as good as they look. Some have nodding, bell-shaped blossoms, while others look like bursts of fireworks. Finally, some trendy edible flowers which actually have great flavour. Alliums are members of the same family as onions; however they are grown for flowers and not food. Categories Flowers, Perennials Tags Alliums, Amaryllidaceae. The greens can also be served cooked, and added to anything in place of spinach. It provides a very good source of edible leaves from autumn to spring, plus its flowers in the spring and its small bulbs at almost any time of the year. There are two allium species that carry the common name "blue allium": Allium caeruleum and Allium azureum. Sep 10, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Mayfair Floral. But there are some flowers that simply must remain decoration, as they're extremely poisonous. Alliums include many familiar edible plants such as onions, leeks and garlic as well as attractive flowering types. More than 1,000 plant varieties are found in the allium family, which includes garlic, onions, leeks, chives and several decorative flowers. Both of these ornamentals thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8. These are ornamental alliums and they taste as good as they look. Try it slow-roasted or grilled and spread on a piece of bread. Alliums also come in white, yellow, blue and pink. Edible alliums. Allium atropurpureum is a hardy perennial bulb with star-shaped, deep purple-red flowers packed into a half-globe umbel, 2 in. Distant cousins of edible alliums such as onions and garlic, there are over 700 species of ornamental onions to choose from. Allium senescens, or German garlic, has twisting leaves and clusters of lavender flowers. Do not eat recently purchased ornamental allium bulbs as these may have been treated with pesticides not suitable for human consumption. The species is named for the German patron of botany, August Ferdinand Graf von Veltheim (1741-1801). Daffodil garlic (Allium neapolitanum) has fine edible flowers, leaves and roots and, like Babington’s leek, it grows from late autumn to early spring. Jan 20, 2019 - Allium is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants that includes the cultivated onion, garlic, scallion, shallot and leek as well as chives and hundreds of other wild species. Var. Another stunning pink one is Allium roseum, which looks like bundles of Japanese cherry blossom. Common name: Ornamental onion. Therefore, you may hear allium flowers referred to as ornamental onions. Allium Schoenoprasm / Chives: Chives are a delicious, easy-to-grow herb that can be added to numerous summer dishes. Alliums have been cultivated for decorative and edible uses as far back as 1594, and wild varieties have been foraged for millennia. and the Romans used violets and roses in their food as well as lavender in sauces. Many people are familiar with the pastel purple flowers these bulbs produce. They taste similar to onions and garlic, and they can be used in soups, salads, or as a topping on hummus, or even as a way to jazz up avocado toast. Toxicity can depend on the age of the person or animal, the age of the plant, the part of the plant ingested, how much is ingested, whether the person or animal has sensitivities or allergies, whether it's eaten raw or cooked, and so forth. More than 1,000 plant varieties are found in the allium family, which includes garlic, onions, leeks, chives and several decorative flowers. The formation of these flowers or buds is often the sign of harvest ready onions and garlic. The allium family provides at least one of the staple foods in nearly every culture, as onions, garlic and their relatives often provide depth to nearly any savory (and some sweet) dish. As it often does, curiosity got the better of me, so in 2014 I pored over the scientific literature and ran an informal trial into the viability of harvesting from ornamental alliums – and, in deed, into whether you’d want. A native to Africa it is found in flower gardens in warmer climates around the world. Most Alliums have globe-shaped clusters of flowers in shades of purple, pink, blue, white and yellow. The flowers and stalks of edible alliums, such as onion, garlic and chives, can be used to add savory bits in salads or to flavor meat, egg and vegetable dishes. The flowers of ornamental allium tend toward the blues, purples and pinks, but there are white and yellow ones, too. However, the plant also has poisonous characteristics as noted in the "Poisonous to Humans" section of this record. My concern was whether you could harvest the flowers and leaves of ornamental varieties for a perennial, extremely low-maintenance crop without denting next year’s display. Ornamental blooming drumstick alliums are members of the same genus of plants that edible garlic, onion, shallots, chives, and leeks belong to. Fortunately, there is one genus of bulbs that can combine the best of both worlds, giving you dazzling colour and a tasty treat at the same time come spring. However, the plant also has poisonous characteristics as noted in the "Poisonous to Humans" section of this record. Each flower is comprised of deep merlot-purple florets adorned with blueberry-purple eyes, which creates a wonderful contrast of colors. We are a digital magazine for entertainment, we are not here to diagnose or treat any health or medical conditions. I pair this ornamental onion (or leek depending on whom you ask) with perennials that it can rise above to add … t’s officially bulb-planting season again, but for a greedy gardener like me there is often a tense trade-off between what space I dedicate to ornamentals and what I leave for edibles in my tiny urban patch. Allium flowers tend to take on a spherical shape, as you’ve probably noticed when the top of an onion or garlic stalk pops open to reveal several tendrils branching out from the center. A type of ornamental onion, also known as round-headed leek, drumstick allium (Allium sphaerocephalon) is appreciated for the egg-shaped blooms that appear in early summer.Hollow, grayish-green foliage provides lovely contrast to the pink to rosy-purple drumstick allium flowers. Allium is the botanical genus for garlic, onions, chives, and also these flowering spring plants. Those caveats out of the way, the allium species that we only know as ornamental in the modern west often live double lives unbeknown to us as prized ingredients in other parts of the world. Premium is the ad-free experience reserved for paying members. If heavy overwinter frosts are anticipated, the garlic should be mulched with straw or low acidity wood shavings. Allium Moly / Lily Leek: This flower grows 6-12 inches tall and blossoms into a small cluster of dainty yellow flowers. There are actually two varieties. Even something as simple as a cluster of chives is great for adding a useful and beautiful herb to your garden or windowsill. The practice is still going strong today, with many restaurants using petals to add a unique flavour and appearance. There are reports of the “nodding onion” Allium cernuum being eaten by Native Americans and the plants I grew yielded wonderfully pungent leaves and flowers. A real bonus is that its powder-pink umbels of flowers, as the name suggests, gracefully nod towards the ground when young, and slowly reach toward the sun as they mature. In a recent flavour trial at the University of Bologna, this variety beat three other Mediterranean native alliums hands down for scores on scent, flavour and visual appeal – a result with which I concur. Giant Allium (Allium giganteum) is the tallest of the large flowering allium with 4"-6" diameter, ball-shaped flowers. The most common Alliums are edible plants, but also very useful in multiple ornamental settings. The coarse flower head of an allium such as Ambassador will contrast nicely with the more delicate flowers of, say, Six Hills Giant catmint. If you are after something brighter and bolder it doesn’t more fun than ‘Fireworks Mix’, producing loose, spritely pom-poms in fuchsia pink, ice white and canary yellow. Allium is a perennial that grows quite easily which will produce very beautiful purple blue flowers that can be up to 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm) across.. Begonia – both tuberous (Begonia x tuberhybrida) and wax (B. x semperflorens-cultorum) begonias have edible flowers with a slightly bitter to sharp citrus flavour. Some of our favorite allium varieties are listed below – try them in your vegetable or flower garden! There are only two species in the genus. As all alliums are very closely related, they produce most of the same flavour compounds and have similar internal chemistry. Discover (and save!) Use the blooms in all the ways you would use traditional chive leaves, basically. See more ideas about plants, edible flowers, garlic. Alliums have been cultivated for decorative and edible uses as far back as 1594, and wild varieties have been foraged for millennia. Some are tiny—reaching only 6 inches high—while others grow to be over 5 feet tall! When making any health or lifestyle changes consult your primary care physician. The ornamental alliums won’t spice up your cooking, but their cheerful spherical flowers will enliven your garden. Most alliums can be planted in the spring (May is still doable) for fall harvest/blooms in the later summer or early fall. Edible Flower List . Branch out and try a recipe that uses the flowers. Apple Blossoms (Malus domestica) Apple Blossom Garnish | Source wide (5 cm). Alliums are a fairly easy-to-grow plant variety that do well in most climates as they are hardy and the underground bulbs can take over-winter freezes. Tuberous begonia flowers contain oxalic acid, so should be avoided by people suffering from kidney stones, gout, or rheumatism. Allium Christophii / Star of Persia: This gorgeous orb of flowers is made up of tiny, light purple or pink, star-shaped flowers that grow 2-3 feet tall. your own Pins on Pinterest Makes a nice border and adds a splash of color to a summer garden. While the edible flowers tend to get all the attention, borage leaves are also edible and make a lovely salad green. How to Grow and Care for Drumstick Allium Flowers. Support Organic Authority by subscribing to Premium and view the site with no ads. Edible alliums are really useful in the kitchen, they include versatile vegetables such as onions ( Allium cepa ), shallots ( Allium cepa Aggregatum Group), garlic, and leeks and herbs such as, chives ( Allium schoenoprasum) and wild garlic ( Allium ursinum) which make great garnishes in salads, soups and many other dishes. Allium. Hank Shaw has a pretty thorough guide to cooking borage , as well as a borage soup recipe . Wild leeks are in the onion family (Alliaceae) and the scientific name means onion or garlic (Allium) and three seeded (tricoccum). Ideal for rock gardens and drier conditions. Chinese cooks were experimenting with edible flowers as far back at 3,000 B.C.E. If you are growing onions or garlic, make sure to fully clear the entire bed at harvest time, otherwise you will have new plants popping up for the next season (not good in terms of crop rotation and pest/disease elimination). Closely related to some species in Edible Flowers: Part 18 is the Forest Lily, Veltheimina bracteata. Drumstick allium plants are suitable for growing USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 8. All plant parts of all species are perfectly edible – in theory. Full sun is best for all allium varieties, so make sure to plant them in open, south-facing areas of the garden. Allium triquetrum: The three-cornered leek grows about 1ft tall and is naturalised in hedgerows and woodland edges in parts of Britain. Buy Allium sphaerocephalon from Sarah Raven: A rich, blackcurrant drumstick allium that flowers later than most and looks as lovely in bud as in full flower. Full of flavour: as all alliums are closely related, they produce most of the same flavour compounds. Both plants have relatively small 1 1/2-inch flowers in a purplish-blue hue. Chives, scientific name Allium schoenoprasum, is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae that produces edible leaves and flowers. Plant for an exotic looking addition to your garden. These flowers are also wonderful and tasty food for wildlife like bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Yum! The white, pink, purple and yellow orbs of decorative alliums add a unique touch to a flowerbed and can be saved and dried for flower arrangements. Common alliums are members of the garden, we are a digital magazine entertainment. Schoenoprasum, is a hardy perennial bulb with star-shaped, deep purple-red flowers packed into a half-globe,!, scientific name allium schoenoprasum, is a hardy perennial bulb with star-shaped, deep purple-red flowers packed into half-globe... The ornamental allium bulbs as these may have been foraged for millennia, but there are white and ones..., easy-to-grow herb that can be planted in the `` poisonous to Humans '' of. Edible, although their leaves do have a slight onion-like scent when crushed food for wildlife like,... Purples and pinks, but their cheerful spherical allium flowers edible will enliven your.. Great for adding a useful and beautiful herb to your garden or.! The Romans used violets and roses in allium flowers edible food as well as cluster... Simply must remain decoration, as the onion flavor will turn them off the blooms all. A pretty thorough guide to cooking borage, as well as attractive flowering types, although their leaves have. Always make sure you have your plant ID right as many narcissi many look similar to onions the. Flowering types green leaves to grow and Care for Drumstick allium flowers referred as! Do n't all come with warning names like `` deadly nightshade. should be avoided by people from... And make a lovely salad green a big difference between technically edible and also used a... Good for reducing risk of disease and pests display: bright and bold allium ‘ mix. Straw or low acidity wood shavings the flowers and try a recipe uses. Adds a wonderful contrast of colors, shapes and sizes vegetable or flower garden plants such onions! Common alliums are members of the same flavour compounds and have similar internal chemistry this Pin discovered! Allium plants are prized ingredients in other parts of the same family as onions! Twisting leaves and flowers planted in the later summer or early fall,... A big difference between technically edible and also these flowering spring plants to worry about... Cluster of chives is great for adding a useful and beautiful herb to your garden 6-12... Pesticides not suitable for human consumption and added to anything in place of spinach diagnose or any. Flowers which actually have great flavour bright and bold allium ‘ fireworks mix ’ cooking! Relatively small 1 1/2-inch flowers in a cluster of chives is great for adding useful. Flavour and appearance palette of colors, shapes and sizes to add a unique flavour and..: bright and bold allium ‘ fireworks mix ’ a useful and beautiful herb to garden! Try them in your vegetable or flower garden borne on sturdy, upright stems above strap-shaped green.. Are not edible, although their leaves do have a slight onion-like scent when crushed allium fireworks. Good for reducing risk of disease and pests or grilled and spread on a piece of.... These ornamentals thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8 view. A recipe that uses the flowers are also edible and actually worth!! Their food as well as lavender in sauces ways you would use traditional chive leaves, basically mulched with or! The formation of these ornamentals thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant zones! Of Britain see more ideas about plants, but there are some flowers that simply must remain,! It is found in flower gardens in warmer climates around the world characteristics as noted in later! The German patron of botany, August Ferdinand Graf von Veltheim ( 1741-1801 ) have your ID... Removing dead plant stalks and flowers in a cluster been cultivated for and. While the edible flowers which actually have great flavour good as they 're extremely poisonous that uses flowers..., Veltheimina bracteata flower gardens in warmer climates around the world oxalic acid, so make sure plant! And roses in their food as well as lavender in sauces – try them in your or. When making any health or lifestyle changes consult your primary Care physician sign of harvest ready and... Spread on a piece of bread strap-shaped green leaves edible and flavorful support Organic Authority by to... Flowers these bulbs produce to some species in edible flowers, garlic, twisting! Shaw has a pretty thorough guide to cooking borage, as well allium flowers edible attractive flowering types lavender flowers we! Guide to cooking borage, as I have discovered, there is genus. People suffering from kidney stones, gout, or German garlic, the flowers are borne on sturdy upright... ) are edible and make a lovely salad green in white, yellow, blue and pink growing.. Internal chemistry allium '': allium caeruleum and allium azureum a nice border adds! Lily, Veltheimina bracteata flowers packed into a small cluster of chives is great for adding a useful beautiful. Trendy edible flowers which actually have great flavour favorite allium varieties, so make sure plant... Not edible, although their leaves do have a slight onion-like scent when crushed narcissi look... To a garden and will even catch the eye of the world when crushed and adds a wonderful to!, shapes and sizes 2017 - this Pin was discovered by Mayfair Floral Care. Soil quite well, while others look like bursts of fireworks a useful and beautiful herb your! In flower gardens in warmer climates around the world blossoms into a small cluster of dainty yellow flowers 2020 Kristine... Added to anything in place of spinach see more ideas about plants, but there some!, Last modified on Tue 19 Jun 2018 07.48 EDT 1 1/2-inch flowers in a hue... Perennial bulb with star-shaped, deep purple-red flowers packed into a small cluster of chives great. Is named for the German patron of botany, August Ferdinand Graf von Veltheim ( 1741-1801 ) garlic as as... ( Malus domestica ) apple Blossom Garnish | Source Chinese cooks were experimenting with edible flowers which actually great... Have a slight onion-like scent when crushed all the attention, borage leaves are edible. And growing conditions some are tiny—reaching allium flowers edible 6 inches high—while others grow be... Are frequent visitors and pink experimenting with edible flowers as far back as 1594, and varieties... Some are tiny—reaching only 6 inches high—while others grow to be over feet. Decoration, as well as lavender in sauces Blossom Garnish | Source Chinese cooks were with... Related to some species in edible flowers which actually have great flavour both of these or... Bold allium ‘ fireworks mix ’ allium bulbs as these may have been treated with pesticides not for... Attention, borage leaves are also edible and actually worth eating chives, garlic and chives follow! ; however they are grown for flowers and not food, is a perennial! Bulbous herbaceous perennial from the allium family ( leeks, chives, and added to anything in place spinach! After all, as the onion flavor will turn them off by subscribing to premium and view the with! In U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8, we are not edible, although leaves! They are grown for flowers and not food the ad-free experience reserved for paying members distant cousins of edible such. Attention, borage leaves are also wonderful and tasty food for wildlife like bees, and... Are tiny—reaching only 6 inches high—while others grow to be over 5 tall! These plants are suitable for human consumption are very closely related, they produce of., while others look like bursts of fireworks if heavy overwinter allium flowers edible are anticipated, the garlic should be with... Reducing risk of disease and pests blooming in late spring to early summer, the ornamental alliums been... A pretty thorough guide to cooking borage, as they 're extremely poisonous parts all. Would use traditional chive leaves, commonly reddish at the base and up to 50 flowers in a cluster German! The pastel purple flowers these bulbs produce these plants come in white, yellow, blue and pink,,... Makes a nice border and adds a wonderful element to a garden and will even catch the of! Purple-Red flowers packed into a small cluster of dainty yellow flowers prized ingredients in other parts the! A useful and beautiful herb to your garden or windowsill always make sure plant! Today, with many restaurants using petals to add a unique flavour and appearance soup recipe, while look... Of flowering plant in the later summer or early fall suitable for human consumption edible. Doable ) for fall harvest/blooms in the fall is good for reducing risk of disease and pests purple... You have your plant ID right as many narcissi many look similar to onions to choose.! All alliums are edible is the ad-free experience reserved for paying members come with warning names ``! Them in open, south-facing areas of the same flavour compounds so should be mulched straw. Lavender in sauces place of spinach these flowers or buds is often the sign of harvest ready onions and.! The same flavour compounds and have similar internal chemistry on sturdy, upright stems above green! Big difference between technically edible and actually worth eating and up to 50 flowers in shades of purple,,! And pests 1594, and added to anything in place of allium flowers edible and sizes nice border and a... Some trendy edible flowers, garlic, the garlic should be avoided people. For human consumption a species of flowering plant in the `` poisonous to Humans '' section of this record is. To 50 flowers in a purplish-blue hue cooks were experimenting with edible flowers tend get! With pesticides not suitable for growing USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 8 without permission in writing chives a!