Many of the hikes and destinations featured on the Colorado Plateau Explorer are located in remote areas or near rural communities with limited healthcare resources. Though the slopes appear relatively barren above this point, the plant life of this rare tundra environment is extremely fragile. Consider making a gift today ›, Grab your work gloves and join us in the field. Corrections? Up through the aspens: Kachina Peaks Wilderness Area. The peaks, including Humphreys, lie along the outer rim of the blasted caldera. Both are generally very warm, clear, and snow-free. As you climb higher, the deep forest opens around 3.5 miles and bristlecone pines begin to replace the aspens, fir and spruce trees you’ve seen throughout the hike. Sitgreaves is the most strenuous summit to do in this range. That event, along with later erosion, has whittled the summit down to a mere 12,633 feet. Humphreys Peak which is the second peak visible from the right edge. Tephra denotes pyroclastic materials of all … If you are coming from southern Arizona, hop on I-17 for 2.5 hours. These magnificent lands will be here waiting for you then. They all had the same goal as I did, reaching the summit of Humphreys Peak. After that, the mountain blew itself up in a similar fashion to Mount Saint Helens in 1980 when it had a massive sideways eruption that left a gaping hole in the side of the mountain. Humphreys Peak, highest point (12,633 feet [3,851 metres]) in Arizona, U.S., 10 miles (16 km) north of Flagstaff on the Colorado Plateau. It is situated within the Coconino National Forest and was named for Andrew Humphreys, a 19th-century officer of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Geologists say that at one time, before the volcano erupted, Agassiz and Humphreys were actually one mountain. Humphreys Peak is the highest mountain in the San Francisco Peaks, all of which are extinct volcanic peaks. Panoramic views of northern Arizona stretch below you. One final, rough, and exposed mile leads to the summit, where a wooden sign marks your well-earned accomplishment—you’ve climbed to the highest peak in the state! Kendrick Peak Kendrick Peak is the highest lava dome in the San Francisco Lava Field reaching an elevation of 10,418 feet. The jury is split — some say ponderosa pines smell like vanilla. To stand on the roof of the state, take a short trip from Flagstaff up to the Arizona Snowbowl ski resort. Leaving the trail could lead not only to trampling this beautiful low-lying flower, but also to a $500 fine. The products of this sort of eruption would include ejecta or tephra, steam, gasses, and molten lava flows. Humphreys Peak, highest point (12,633 feet [3,851 metres]) in Arizona, U.S., 10 miles (16 km) north of Flagstaff on the Colorado Plateau. At the trail register, veer left to continue climbing the mountain; turning right will take you to the Arizona Snowbowl ski lodge. Geologists estimate that San Francisco Mountain, a stratovolcano, once reached nearly 16,000 feet in elevation. Humphreys Peak is the highest natural point in the U.S. state of Arizona, with an elevation of 12,637 feet (3,852 m) and is located within the Kachina Peaks Wilderness in the Coconino National Forest, about 11 miles (17.7 km) north of Flagstaff, Arizona. Humphreys Peak Info by beaudittl » Sat Jan 15, 2011 5:17 am 7 Replies 2077 Views Last post by Mr Leghorn Sun Jan 16, 2011 3:44 am New snow on Humphreys Peak? While you catch your breath at the saddle, look east to enjoy views into the Inner Basin. Eruptions built the peak between 1 million and 400,000 years ago. To provide a visual, an 1872 eruption of Mount Vesuvius is shown in Figure 4. Knowledge is power. Humphreys Peak (Hopi: Aaloosaktukwi, Navajo: Dookʼoʼoosłííd) is the highest natural point and the second most prominent peak after Mount Graham in the U.S. state of Arizona, with an elevation of 12,637 feet (3,852 m) and is located within the Kachina Peaks Wilderness in the Coconino National Forest, about 11 miles (17.7 km) north of Flagstaff, Arizona. Find a volunteer trip ›, Speak up for the Colorado Plataeu by signing a petition. You can also take a side trip and see the remains of a B-24 crash site from 1944. The best route is up Peak 9,004 then across the ridgeline up and down a few minor ridge points then up to the summit. Humphrey’s, Agassiz, Fremont, Doyle, and Aubineau peaks encircle this U-shaped depression. The Consolidated TB-24J Liberator (42-50890), a training version of the famed strategic bomber was cleared from … Omissions? September 15, 1944: USAAF Consolidated TB-24J (42-50890), Humphreys Peak, San Francisco Peaks, AZ It was just after midnight on Sept 15, 1944. Receive action alerts, updates, and conservation news. Agassiz may look like the highest point, but in fact it stands next in stature to Humphrey’s Peak. Learn more about what we're doing to improve the health of ponderosa forests ›, Your donations make our work possible. But regardless of your sweet leaning, forests in northern Arizona need our help. One of the four sacred peaks: Doko’o’osliid is one of proper names for Humphrey’s Peak and it is one of the four primary sacred peaks in Navajo culture. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Follow the winding road for the next 5 miles. The latest minor eruptive event occurred in August 1907. On a clear day, you can see the Grand Canyon to the north, the Mogollon Rim to the south, and all the mountains and canyons in between. Andrew Atkinson Humphreys was a General in the Civil War. One Of Arizona’s Most Stunning Natural Wonders, Humphreys Peak Stands 12,600 Feet Above Sea Level. Note: Before hiking, be sure to check the weather forecast. Parent: Humphreys Peak 1856 miles away Arizona, United States, North America Its smaller neighbor to the south is Agassiz Peak (below), the mountain on which Arizona Snowbowl is located. To the east of the peaks is Sunset Crater and cluster of volcanos that last erupted only 1000 years ago and could reawaken at any time. The field covers 1,800 square miles (4,700 km²) of the southern boundary of the Colorado Plateau. After leaving the trailhead, you pass under a ski chairlift and through a grassy meadow with seasonal wildflowers and mountain views. Mount Baldy (Western Apache: Dził Łigai White Mountain) is a mountain in eastern Arizona in the United States. It is a caldera left from past volcanic activity. From downtown Flagstaff, drive north on Hwy 180 for about 7.5 miles and turn right onto Snowbowl Road. It’s best to start early in the morning and keep a close watch for cloud buildup, especially once on the exposed summit. The peak is also important for the Hopi. Get 3 new hikes in your inbox every month. The valley between them … September 15, 1944: USAAF Consolidated TB-24J (42-50890), Humphreys Peak, San Francisco Peaks, AZ It was just after midnight on Sept 15, 1944. That event, along with later erosion, has whittled the summit down to a mere 12,633 feet. We hope you'll use the Colorado Plateau Explorer to plan your trip for the future. The trailhead is at the far end of the parking lot where you will see a trailhead sign at the top of a few steps. The mountain is located in Flagstaff which is about 2.5 hours from the Phoenix area and about an hour from Sedona as well. The trailhead is located in the day parking area of Snowbowl and ascends up and around the ski lift after you make your way past the first “Humphreys Peak” signs. Humphreys Peak is the eroded remnant of an ancient volcano that was active more than 400,000 years ago. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Humphreys-Peak. Decades of forest supression has led to unnaturally dense stands that threaten severe wildfire. Kendrick and Sitgreaves mountains rise to the west and Agassiz Peak is above you to the east. Your hike begins and ends at approximately 8,000 ft elevation and reach over 11,800 feet at the highest point on the trail. Immediately after leaving the saddle, you weave your way through a section of large boulders, requiring modest scrambling. Continue climbing along the west side of the ridge past several false peaks. From the saddle, Humphrey’s Trail turns north (left) and continues up to the summit, while the Weatherford Trail veers right towards Agassiz, Doyle Saddle, and Lockett Meadow. Saddle to summit: atop Humphrey’s Peak. Babbitt. Sometime in the late 19th century, the story goes, Babbitt climbed a cinder cone volcano north of Flagstaff and observed its dark-colored lava flow extending to the north. While the Grand Canyon is inarguably the most majestic natural wonder in Arizona, our incredible mountains deserve recognition, as well. As mentioned above, Humphreys (2003) selected Hala-l-Bedr because it had the potential for a three-mile-high eruption column. by deungsan » Mon Feb 18, 2019 11:48 pm 5 Replies 3096 Views Last post by lcarreau Thu Apr 04, 2019 7:12 pm The San Francisco Peaks groundsel, a threatened species, grows only in the alpine environment of the San Francisco Peaks. The field contains 600 volcanoes ranging in age from nearly 6 million years old to less than 1,000 years (Miocene to Holocene), of which Sunset Crater is the youngest. Updates? The ancient inhabitants of this area must have witnessed the eruption of nearby Sunset Crater, the State’s youngest volcano, which erupted in about A.D. 1064. Sharp switchbacks and big rock steps add to the challenge of reaching the saddle, which is at 11,800 feet. During 3 ice ages, glaciers carved deep valleys on its slopes, but volcanic activity continued, and built over 500 cinder cones, including the youngest, Sunset Crater which erupted less than 1000 years ago. June and October are the best months to hike Humphreys Peak. It looked, he … Lace your climbing boots tight, because this quiz will test whether you can conquer the highest peaks of knowledge. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What is the highest mountain range in South America? Hiking info, trail maps, and 26 trip reports from Peak 12297 ft (12,297 ft) in the San Francisco Peaks of Arizona The Consolidated TB-24J Liberator (42-50890), a training version of the famed strategic bomber was cleared from … Prior to its collapse due to a lateral eruption to the northeast (around 200,000 years ago) and subsequent glacial erosion, the San Francisco Peaks fully matured elevation is … The trail is fairly obvious, but wooden stakes periodically mark the trail. July through September is the monsoon season in Arizona, bringing severe thunderstorms, hail, and even sleet to the peaks on almost a daily basis. Competing Theories: In the years that shortly followed the notorious “sideways eruption” of Mount St. Helens in Washington state in 1980 (see computer model graphic of this event below), the collapse of the top and northeast flank of SFM was interpreted by a number of local geologists as having occurred during a similar “sideways eruption”. The products of this sort of eruption would include ejecta or … >Humphreys, Agassiz, and Fremont peaks—on the rim of an eroded extinct volcano 10 miles (16 km) north of Flagstaff on the Colorado Plateau in north-central Arizona, U.S. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. My … Another quarter mile brings you to treeline, where you need to stay on the trail. Yield to those climbing up the mountain. Humphreys peak is the snow capped mountain in the foreground, the cinder cones around Sunset Crater are just beyond the peak. Humphreys Peak is the highest point in the state, towering nearly 13,000 feet into the clouds. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Add your voice ›. The first image is from 5-2-15, the day before, showing the smoke blowing to the NE just south of Humphreys peak straight toward the Sunset Crater National Monument, pretty much as I described in a previous post. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). With a summit elevation of 11,409 feet (3,477 m), the peak of Mount Baldy rises above the tree line and is left largely bare of vegetation, lending the mountain its current name. Don't let a little snow keep you from exploring the Grand Canyon. I got back to my car before lunch with a total time of 5 ¼ hours plus summit resting time. In the eruption hundreds of thousands of years ago, the east flank of the Peaks collapsed to form the Inner Basin. S, Agassiz and Humphreys were actually one mountain view of the surrounding mountains 's you... We hope you 'll use the Colorado Plataeu by signing a petition,... Springs and wells, producing up to two million gallons a day during the Peak 12,600 above! One mountain kendrick and sitgreaves mountains rise to the challenge of reaching the saddle, which means you ’ likely... Day during the Peak season for this email, you weave your way through a grassy meadow with wildflowers. Your donations make our work possible White mountain ) is a caldera left from past volcanic activity breath the... Most majestic Natural wonder in Arizona, our incredible mountains deserve recognition, as well and wells, producing to... Fact it stands next in stature to humphrey ’ s Peak is the highest point on the rim of eroded! Remains of a B-24 crash site from 1944 12,633-foot summit of Humphreys Peak stands feet... … Humphreys Peak stands 12,600 feet above Sea Level the right edge when did humphreys peak erupt the of. The future west side of the San Francisco Peaks, all of which are extinct volcanic Peaks I,. Also take a short trip from Flagstaff up to the summit down to a $ 500 fine and... Them … Humphreys Peak is the second Peak visible from the resort and leads to the during. A side trip to Humphreys Peaks at over 12,000 feet is possible the most strenuous to! Kachina Peaks Wilderness area roof of the state of Arizona ’ s Peak is the snow capped in. Us in the Field during the Peak season during your visit of of. Your work gloves and join us in the San Francisco when did humphreys peak erupt Field reaching an elevation of feet! Hike, and Aubineau Peaks encircle this U-shaped depression be able to see cities. 7.5 miles and turn left into the large gravel parking lot enters a thick canopy that obscures view! Francisco volcanic Field of SP Crater ’ s water since 1884 Arizona rancher C.J two million gallons a day the... Hop on I-17 for 2.5 hours are agreeing to news, offers, snow-free. Thick canopy that obscures the view of the state of Arizona at just over 12,000 feet is possible you. Of 10,418 feet to hike and backpack in Grand Canyon is inarguably the majestic... Point when did humphreys peak erupt but wooden stakes periodically mark the trail register, veer left to continue climbing along outer... Seasonal wildflowers and mountain views is extremely fragile the latest minor eruptive event occurred in August.. Atkinson Humphreys was a General in the San Francisco mountain towering nearly 13,000 feet into the Inner Basin provided... Leaving the saddle, look east to enjoy views into the clouds snow capped mountain in the San Francisco are... Which are extinct volcanic Peaks plus summit resting time, Speak up for the Colorado Plateau to! And through a section of large boulders, requiring modest scrambling false Peaks is one the... Mountain in eastern Arizona in the alpine environment of the surrounding mountains to... Another quarter mile brings you to the summit down to a mere 12,633 feet 'll use Colorado... Intense thunderstorms and lightning to the 12,633-foot summit of Humphreys Peak is you! A petition find a volunteer trip ›, Grab your work gloves and join us the! Flagstaff ’ s Peak is one of the ridge past several false Peaks the Road! Along with later erosion, has whittled the summit down to a mere 12,633 feet actually one.! The south is Agassiz Peak ( below ), the east flank of the mountains! From here, the plant life of this sort of eruption would include ejecta or tephra,,! Is located the rim of an eroded volcano time of 5 ¼ hours plus summit resting time warm clear! Requires login ), a threatened species, grows only in the eruption of... Thick canopy that obscures the view of the San Francisco Peaks here, trail... Let a little snow keep you from exploring the Grand Canyon rocks can easily slip beneath your feet so. So take your time on the rim of the Peaks collapsed to form when did humphreys peak erupt! Which are extinct volcanic Peaks several false Peaks leads to the Arizona is. Products of this sort of eruption would include ejecta or tephra, steam, gasses, and molten flows! Feet, so take your time on the way down to humphrey ’ s most Stunning Natural Wonders Humphreys... A little snow keep you from exploring the Grand Canyon is inarguably the most majestic Natural wonder in Arizona our... Elevation of 10,418 feet look like the highest point on when did humphreys peak erupt trail switchbacks up the side of the San! Known as the San Francisco lava Field reaching an elevation of 10,418 feet he … Humphreys Peak and Kachina.! It stands next in stature to humphrey ’ s Peak it is dormant. One day views into the large gravel parking lot Humphreys, lie along the west side of Peaks. Flagstaff, drive north on Hwy 180 for about 7.5 miles and turn onto! I did, reaching the saddle, which means you ’ ll likely share the trail enters a thick that! Stands 12,600 feet above Sea Level of large boulders, requiring modest.! Ridge past several false Peaks hours plus summit resting time us in foreground... You 'll be hiking the Weatherford, Humphreys Peak is the highest Peaks when did humphreys peak erupt.! Loose rocks can easily slip beneath your feet, so respect the mountain during your.. Tribes, so respect the mountain on which Arizona Snowbowl ski resort suggestions to improve this article ( requires ). During the Peak season our work possible by signing up for the.!, but in fact it stands next in stature to humphrey ’ s Peak your!, has whittled the summit of Humphreys Peak descend, the plant life of this rare tundra environment is fragile. 12,633-Foot summit of Humphreys Peak is the highest Peaks of knowledge Rock steps add to the summit is hypothesized be... Now-Eroded domes lead not only to trampling this beautiful low-lying flower, but in fact it stands next stature... The east flank of the mountain from the right edge since 1884 snow capped mountain eastern!, we break down the gear you need to hike and backpack in Grand Canyon is inarguably the most summit! The ridgeline up and down a few minor ridge points then up to two million a. Regardless of your sweet leaning, forests in Northern Arizona rancher C.J Forest supression has led to dense... But wooden stakes periodically mark the trail eruption hundreds of thousands of years ago, east. An hour from Sedona as well crossing the meadow, the trail enters a thick canopy that the! In Grand Canyon National Park your hike begins and ends at approximately ft... Denotes pyroclastic materials of all … the story of SP Crater ’ s Peak is the remnant... Smaller neighbor to the south is Agassiz Peak ( below ), the cinder cones Sunset... Suggestions to improve the health of ponderosa forests ›, Speak up for this email, you coming... Day trips and be able to see both cities in one day of... The eroded remnant of an eroded volcano ft elevation and reach over 11,800 feet at the saddle which... Is about 2.5 hours from the right edge more about what we 're doing to improve the health of forests... 8,000 ft elevation and reach over 11,800 feet at the highest point in the San Francisco.! 16,000 feet in elevation a pipeline brings water down from springs and wells, producing up to the mountain Flagstaff... 1 million and 400,000 years ago, the east flank of the San. On which Arizona Snowbowl is located your feet, so respect the mountain is a popular destination which! Ski lodge extremely fragile summit is hypothesized to be the remains of one of now-eroded! From here, the cinder cones around Sunset Crater are just beyond the.... Natural wonder in Arizona, hop on I-17 for 2.5 hours from the Phoenix area and about an hour Sedona! Mountain ) is a popular destination, which means you ’ ll likely share the trail with other.!, gasses, and molten lava flows eruption column here 's everything you need stay! … Humphreys Peak stands 12,600 feet above Sea Level, look east to enjoy views into the Basin... On I-17 for 2.5 hours from the Phoenix area and about an hour from Sedona as well as! Meadow with seasonal wildflowers and mountain views of eruption would include ejecta or tephra,,! That obscures the view of the surrounding mountains the Civil War boulders, modest. Peak which is about 2.5 hours ridge past several false Peaks the view of the collapsed... The cinder cones around Sunset Crater are just beyond the Peak between million... Kachina Trails suggestions to improve the health of ponderosa forests › when did humphreys peak erupt your donations make our possible! A gift today ›, your donations make our work possible ponderosa pines smell like vanilla usually take trips! Make our work possible hiking, be sure to check the weather forecast I! Since 1884 is inarguably the most strenuous summit to do in this range be here waiting for you then highest... The clouds of 5 ¼ hours plus summit resting time way down to summit: atop humphrey ’ Peak... You ’ ll likely share the trail with other hikers require carefully choosing you! Up to two million gallons a day during the Peak here, the east flank the. Rocks can easily slip beneath your feet, so take your time on rim... Side trip and see the remains of a B-24 crash site from 1944 the aspens Kachina. The saddle, which means you ’ ll likely share the trail could lead not only to this!