In the ensuing division of the empire, Cappadocia and Paphlagonia were assigned to Eumenes; but as they were not yet subdued, Leonnatu… [1] After Alexander's death (323 BC), Eumenes took command of a large body of Greek and Macedonian soldiers fighting in support of Alexander's son, Alexander IV. Or more precisely - robber baron capitalism with a high concentration of capital in a small oligarchy and technocratic socialism with the control of capital in the hand of a small oligarchy. Eumenes, a Greek from the city of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese, played an important role in the struggles of the first years after Alexander’s death. Buy Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition by Anson, Edward online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Eumenes, of Cardia, ca. Eumenes remained close to Alexander until his death. Eventually, the two armies met in southern Media and fought the indecisive Battle of Paraitakene. Antigonus, supported by his son Demetrius, was disinclined to kill Eumenes, but most of the council insisted that he execute Eumenes and so it was decided. After Alexander’s death, Eumenes was appointed governor of Cappadocia, despite the fact that it didn’t actually belong to the Macedonians. Eumenes of Cardia book. Eumenes of Cardia appears in 9 issues View all Historie. Battle of Gabiene was the second great battle (the third battle in total; see: the battles of Orkynia and Paraitakene) between Antigonus Monophthalmus and Eumenes, two of Alexander the Great's successors (the so-called Diadochi).The battle was fought near Gabiene in Persia in 315 BC and ended the Second War of the Diadochi. [4], In 317 BC, Eumenes left Cilicia and marched into Syria and Phoenicia, and began to raise a naval force on behalf of Polyperchon. redditor for 2 years. [6], Meanwhile, Antigonus had settled his affairs in Asia Minor and marched east to take out Eumenes before he could do further damage. Alexander the Great was sufficiently impressed by Eumenes’ services to his father to keep him on after Philip’s assassination in 336, promoting him to chief secretary. login. [10] In Susa, Eumenes sent letters to all the satraps to the north and east of Susiana, ordering them in the kings' names to join him with all their forces. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. [12] Eumenes then marched southeastwards into Persia, where he picked up additional reinforcements.[13]. [15] Eumenes wanted to march westward and cut Antigonus's supply lines, but the satraps refused to abandon their satrapies and forced Eumenes to stay in the east. Eumenes first traveled to Mount Ida where there was a royal stable. EUMENES OF CARDIA 1 BY H. D. WESTLAKE, M.A. ", (2) Satrap at Partition of Babylon; possibly Nicanor of Stageira The fortress was well-stocked with basic provisions; the main problem was lack of space to exercise the animals. Eumenes joined Perdiccas, who installed him in Cappadocia. Eumenes knew that he would not be able to prevent his soldiers from plundering this loot if they found out about it, and also that doing so would decrease the essential mobility of his forces. Eumenes refused to help Leonnatus and quietly left the camp one night to join Perdiccas with the news of Leonnatus’ plans. Only Antigonus knew of Eumenes’ real motives. Although defeated, Eumenes swiftly acted to chase down and execute this traitor, which restored the faith of his men. Eumenes, of Cardia, 362 or 361 B.C.-316 or 315 B.C. Antigonus decided to starve him to death, but after two or three days, when Antigonus wanted to move camp, he had Eumenes executed and his body given to his family for a decent funeral. The Silver Shields complied, arrested Eumenes and his officers, and handed them over. In the distribution of the empire after Alexander’s death, he was assigned Cappadocia in eastern Asia Minor. [2] Eumenes again demonstrated his cleverness and was able to secure control over these men by playing on their loyalty to, and superstitious awe of, Alexander. "For Barsine, the daughter of Artabazus, who was the first lady Alexander took to his bed in Asia, and who brought him a son named Heracles, had two sisters; one of which, called Apame, he gave to Ptolemy; and the other, called Artonis, he gave to Eumenes, at the time when he was selecting Persian ladies as wives for his friends. His father came into the service of the Macedonian monarchs of the ancient Argead dynasty, and it seems likely that Eumenes was a member of the nobility. Eumenes of Cardia was a Greek who served both Philip II and Alexander the Great as secretary and archivist. Eumenes from Cardia was born in 362 BC and died in 315 BC. Eumenes of Cardia (362-316 BC) We know nothing of Eumenes’ early life before he became a friend of Philip II of Macedon (342 BC) and then his secretary, apart from the fact that he came from Cardia, in the Thracian Chersonnese. Eumenes was probably born in Cardia and was of Greek origin. Almost all these were Macedonians, but among them was Eumenes, a native of the Greek city of Cardia, whose fortunes in the six and a half years that … : Eumenes, of Cardia, ca. Once Eumenes was firmly in command, Perdiccas left him with orders to take possession of Armenia from Neoptolemus. Eumenes (yo͞o`mĭnēz), c.361–316 B.C., secretary to Philip II of Macedon and to Alexander the Great.A Thracian Greek, he was capable, diplomatic, and eloquent and proved himself able as a general as well as a secretary. [14] Antigonus, faced with disaster, decided to abandon the crossing and turned back northward, marching up into Media, threatening the upper satrapies. Character Wiki. This unexpected victory made the Macedonian leaders who were supposed be supporting Eumenes even more jealous. Antigonus tried to take advantage of this fact in the winter of 317-316. eumenes_of_cardia 377 post karma 15,597 comment karma send a private message. At one point when Alexander was in need of money to finance a sea expedition under the admiral Nearchus of Crete, he tried to borrow some from his commanders. TROPHY CASE. Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of … Eumenes of Cardia (Greek: Ευμένης, ca. At one point Eumenes was in position to capture the baggage of Antigonus’ forces. She then commissioned Eumenes to fight against Antigonus on her behalf, and wrote to the governors loyal to her, and Antigenes and Teutamus, the commanders of the elite force of the Argyraspids (the Silver Shields), ordering them to support him. Despite, or perhaps because of, this lack of cordiality between them, Eumenes was one of the most extravagant in his mourning for Hephaistion after his death (324), and this increased Alexander’s regard for him. or 361 B.C.-316 B.C. Eumenes. Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of … Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. [21], Antigonus, according to Plutarch, starved Eumenes for three days, but finally sent an executioner to dispatch him when the time came for him to move his camp. Antigonus agreed, provided that Eumenes was handed over to him alive. Thinking that he was marching tired men suffering from the cold against a fresh army, Antigonus slowed down to let his men recover from the journey – and this delay was sufficient for Eumenes’ army to come together and win the battle. He was from a poor family, but some sources say that he was of noble origin. 31.777205°N 51.801649°E. Antigonus wanted to acquire Eumenes as his own officer and so first demanded that Eumenes address him as a superior officer, to which Eumenes replied “while I am able to wield a sword, I shall thank no man greater than myself”. After Alexander's death he was given control of Cappadocia and Paphlagonia. found: Eumenes von Kardia und der Kampf um die Macht im Alexanderreich, 2002: t.p. Eumenes obliged her and moved north into Phrygia to winter. The John Rylands Library houses one of the finest collections of rare books, manuscripts and archives in the world. As such he was one of Alexander’s clossest associates, but his main claim to … Eumenes dismissed most of his men because he had too many to move about unnoticed but not enough to go on the attack. Craterus and Neoptolemus, the satrap of Armenia, were completely defeated by Eumenes in the Battle of the Hellespont in 321. In the distribution of the empire after Alexander’s death, he was assigned Cappadocia in eastern Asia Minor. Eumenes even went so far as to set up a tent for the late conqueror complete with a throne. On the Macedonian court Eumenes very quickly earned more and more responsibilities and he became a friend of the young Alexander. When Philip II invaded this district he took Eumenes in his service and gave him a noble education. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Studies in Philo of Alexandria Ser. Eumenes of Cardia (secretary, soldier and commander) has come into prominence in recent years, after a long period of neglect. Sources. Alexander didn’t believe him and secretly gave orders that Eumenes’ tent be set on fire to see how much treasure he would hurry to save. Character » Eumenes of Cardia appears in 9 issues. When Philip II invaded this district he took Eumenes in his service and gave him a noble education. Eumenes of Cardia (/juːˈmɛniːz/; Greek: Εὐμένης; c. 362 – 316 BC) was a Greek general and satrap. EUMENES of Cardia, according to Duris, was the son of a man whom poverty drove to be a waggoner, in the Thracian Chersonesus, but received a liberal education in literature and athletics. He served under Philip and Alexander, and on Alexander’s death was assigned the satrapy of Cappadocia in central Anatolia. Now that he had Eumenes as a prisoner, Antigonus was uncertain what to do with him. The collections span five millennia and cover a wide range of subjects, including art and archaeology; economic, social, political, religious and military history; literature, drama and music; science and medicine; theology and philosophy; travel and exploration. The remainder of the campaign turned into a battle of maneuver, with Eumenes avoiding further battle with Antigonus. He was from a poor family, but some sources say that he was of noble origin. Just doing 3d animation for fun. Eumenes of Cardia synonyms, Eumenes of Cardia pronunciation, Eumenes of Cardia translation, English dictionary definition of Eumenes of Cardia. In the late summer of 316 BC, Antigonus moved southward again in the hope of bringing Eumenes to battle and ending the war quickly. A recurring problem for Eumenes was that in winter (when campaigns were not usual) his soldiers tended to scatter with complete lack of discipline to pass the time wherever they wanted. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Diodorus Sicilus, Bibliotheca Historica, XVIII 59,1-3. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eumenes&oldid=993800948, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Personal secretary of Alexander the Great, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:47. After Alexander's death(323 BC), Eumenes took command of a large body of Greek soldiers fighting in support of Alexander's son, Alexander IV. He gave valuable aid to the regent Perdiccas, … Eu… Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Antigonus refused to help, but Leonnatus came, more to inveigle Eumenes into helping him in his plan to seize power in Macedon than to help Eumenes himself. Another way Eumenes used to safeguard himself against hostility was to borrow large sums of money from the people most hostile to him, hoping they would realise that if they killed him, they would never get their money back. Unfortunately, because of the cold in the desert at night, his men disobeyed him and lit fires to keep warm, thus giving the game away when they were still only halfway there. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese. Welcome to Reddit, the front page of the internet. Antigonus, meanwhile, had reached Susa and left Seleucus there to besiege the place, while he himself marched after Eumenes. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese. Pharnabazus III, Persian satrap of Phrygia, was his brother-in-law, as Eumenes married Artonis, the daughter of Persian satrap Artabazus II and sister of Pharnabazus III. Antigonus, however, ignored the order, and Leonnatus vainly attempted to induce Eumenes to accompany him to Europe and share in his far-reaching designs. He later was a participant in the Wars of the Diadochi as a supporter of the Macedonian Argead royal house. This action is also ironic when compared to the actions Antigonus had to take to finally defeat Eumenes. Determined to follow tradition, Eumenes made the bold and unexpected move to regain the battlefield so that he could construct a proper funeral pyre for the dead. found: OCLC, 6-19-2003 (hdg. 361-316 B.C.) Eumenes was a native of Cardia according to some sources. The Battle of Gabiene was as indecisive as the previous battle at Parataikene. [17] During the winter of 316-315 BC, Antigonus tried to surprise Eumenes in Persis by marching his army across a desert and catching his enemy off guard; unfortunately, he was observed by some locals who reported it to his opponents. [–]eumenes_of_cardia 1 point2 points3 points 15 hours ago (0 children) Well it is. Two-Year Club. Eumenes of Cardia was a royal secretary who, in the years following the death of Alexander the Great became a major contender for power. Frankfurt am Main : M. Clauss, 2002 (OCoLC)606953466 Online version: Schäfer, Christoph. 361-316 B.C. He used the royal treasury at Kyinda to recruit an army of mercenaries to add to his own troops. Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of the Asian remnants of Alexander's empire. The following winter, Eumenes disbanded his army, save for a small, crack force of 500 cavalry and 200 heavy infantry and holed up in Nora, a strong fortress on the border between Cappadocia and Lycaonia. The title of Edward Anson’s book, Eumenes of Cardia, though appropriate and representative, is a bit unfortunate as it does nothing to reveal the depth of … (3) Satrap at Partition of Babylon. Eumenes was placed under guard while Antigonus held a council to ponder his fate. Eumenes, (born c. 362 bc —died 316), Greek general who upheld the cause of the Macedonian royal house in the civil war that followed the death of Alexander the Great in 323.. By swearing an oath to an infant and a developmentally disabled man, this, essentially, gave Eumenes free reign to act in whatever manner he saw as in the best interest of the Argead Dynasty, and, therefore, himself. He therefore ordered the troops he did have available to light huge fires in the mountains at night and to let them slowly die down, as was the usual practice in army camps, in order to convince Antigonus that the secret was out and Eumenes was waiting for him with a large army. Eumenes' body was given to his friends, to be burnt with honor, and his ashes were conveyed in a silver urn to his wife and children. Late 17th century print. [18] A few days later both armies drew up for battle. During the winter he negotiated with Seleucus, the satrap of Babylonia, and Peithon, the satrap of Media, seeking their help against Antigonus. After the murder of Perdiccas in Egypt by his own soldiers (320 BC), the Macedonian generals condemned Eumenes to death at the Conference at Triparadisus, assigning Antipater and Antigonus as his executioners. Eumenes von Kardia und der Kampf um die Macht im Alexanderreich. It is also completely revised, including both the author’s and a wide range of works on the period of the Diadochi published over the past forty years or so. Eumenes of Cardia (Ancient Greek: Εὐμένης, ca. At a very early age he was employed as private secretary by Philip II of Macedon, and, after the death of Philip II, by Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied into Asia. He advised her to wait until the boy was old enough to rule, but she didn’t follow his advice, and seized power in Macedon. In the cramped city, Eumenes was forced to come up with novel solutions so that his men and horses remained in fighting shape including; emptying large rooms where men exercised on a set schedule, and creating a suspension device, likened to an ancient treadmill, on which horses could run. This action greatly impressed Antigonus. Eumenes of Cardia by Edward Anson, 2015, Brill edition, in English - Second edition. Eumenes (yo͞o`mĭnēz), c.361–316 B.C., secretary to Philip II of Macedon and to Alexander the Great.A Thracian Greek, he was capable, diplomatic, and eloquent and proved himself able as a general as well as a secretary. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians, Second Edition Despite his having been chiefly an administrator rather than a military or political power, Eumenes came close to securing control of the Asian remnants of Alexander's empire. 362 BC—316 BC) was a Greek general and scholar. Teutamus agreed to this proposal, and the Argyraspids took Eumenes unawares and handed him over to Nicanor, Antigonus’ emissary. Despite his superior military skills, Eumenes’ Macedonian generals approached him about one of them taking overall command. He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese.At a very early age he was employed as private secretary by Philip II of Macedon, and, after the death of Philip II, by Alexander the Great, whom he accompanied into Asia.After Alexander's death (323 BC), Eumenes took command of a large body of Greek soldiers fighting in support of Alexander's son, Alexander IV. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Eumenes was given a military command during Alexander’s expedition to India (327-326). He was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese. Short summary describing this character. Become a Redditor. Eumenes was a native of Cardia according to some sources. Menander immediately followed this advice. Eumenes and his forces spent the winter of 320-319 in Nora, but when spring came, he managed to escape with all his men while negotiating with Antigonus over terms for Eumenes and his men to join Antigonus now that Antipater was dead. [citation needed]. [1] Eumenes was hated and despised by many fellow commanders—certainly for his successes and supposedly for his non-Macedonian (in the tribal sense) background and prior office as Royal Secretary. He was executed after the Battle of Gabiene in 316 BC. I hope to get a 3d animated series out some day but will wait until my skills improve. News of this came immediately after Eumenes’ financial rewards, so his officers and men were outraged and redoubled their efforts to protect their leader, assigning a large bodyguard of 1000 men to protect him at all times. And more responsibilities and he became Alexander ’ s personal secretary and archivist a command! Am Main: M. Clauss, 2002: t.p point2 points3 points 15 hours (... 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