On his left stands a woman wearing a crown and holding a scepter. Memnon's widow, allegedly the first woman Alexander was intimate with. Darius then offered Alexander Stateira's hand in marriage and agreed to relinquish his claim to some of the land Alexander had already seized in exchange for ending the war. She is commonly confused with another Barsine who was also held captive by Alexander around the same period. Barsine (Greek: Βαρσίνη; c. 363–309 BC) was daughter of a Persian father, Artabazus, satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia and a Greek Rhodian mother, who was the sister of mercenaries Mentor of Rhodes and Memnon of Rhodes. [4], For the next two years, Stateira and her family followed Alexander's army. She became the first formal wife of Alexander III “the Great”. In the negotiations before the battle of Gaugamela, Darius offered Barsine to Alexander as his bride, adding as her dowry all country west of the Euphrates. His Wives Alexander the Great had 3 probable wives however that term is interpreted: Roxane, Statiera, and; Parysatis. After the death of Alexander (11 June 323), his first wife Roxane and his successor Perdiccas, saw to the murder of Statira. Barsine, Daughter of Artabazus Barsine was by birth a minor princess of the Achaemenid Empire of the Persians, for her father, Artabazus, was the son of a Great King’s daughter.197 It is known that his father was Pharnabazus, who had married Apame, the The fresco depicts a nude warrior in a purple Macedonian cloak, likely Alexander. In November 333 Alexander's army defeated the Persians at the Battle of Issus. Stateira II (Greek: Στάτειρα; died 323 BC), possibly also known as Barsine, was the daughter of Stateira I and Darius III of Persia. She was probably born in 340 or 339, as we will see below. [4] Although Darius tried several times to ransom his family, Alexander refused to return the women. Arrian – Excerpts from Anabasis of Alexander, Book VII (Adapted from a translation by P. Blunt, Loeb Classical Library, 1976) 324 BCE 1. He learned from Aristotle that ideas are divine. Among the captives were Darius' mother Sisygambis, his wife Statira, his five year old son Ochus, and two daughters, Barsine … Historian Elizabeth Donnelly Carney speculates that Alexander had already decided to marry Stateira and was preparing her for life as his wife. Share. After Alexander's death, his generals dismantled the empire and established their own rule over certain territories. Alexander’s Lovers by Andrew Chugg 131 4. Yes he did have at least one son, Alexander IV, with Roxane. Alexander announces that they demand no tribute and that all Athenian prisoners shall go free, but they must promise to fight and provide men and arms and ships. Plutarch tells us that Alexander had a relationship with a Hellenized Persian woman named Barsine before he even met Roxane. Barsine was a noble Persian, daughter of Artabazus, and wife of Memnon. In 334, the Macedonian king Alexander invaded the Achaemenid empire, and he defeated Darius in the battle of Issus (November 333; more). One of Alexander's mistresses. Seven or eight months later, they learned that their father had been killed by his courtiers (text). Roxana, wife of Alexander the Great. [6] Stateira became Alexander's second wife in 324 BC, almost ten years after her capture, in a mass ceremony known as The Susa weddings [6] which lasted five days. Among the captives were Darius' mother Sisygambis, his wife Statira, his five year old son, and two daughters, Barsine and Drypetis. Phillip II and his son Alexander the Great created the Macedonian empire that stretched from the Danube to the Indus. This page was created in 1999; last modified on 24 September 2020. According to Plutarch, Alexander fell in love with Barsine for he… She became the first formal wife of Alexander III “the Great”. Scholars have debated her name. Since we know for sure that their brother Ochus was at that moment five years old, we may assume that Statira was born in 340/339 and Drypetis in 338/337. If this argument is sound, Statira was born in, say, 340-338 and Drypetis in 339-337. Darius fled, and the Macedonian army soon captured his family. The Macedonian conqueror treated them kindly, which was not an act of courtesy but a claim to the Persian throne: in the ancient Near East, a new king would take over the wives of his predecessor (full story). Stateira II (Greek: Στάτειρα; died 323 BC), possibly also known as Barsine, was the daughter of Stateira I and Darius III of Persia. Despite the fact that he had already taken a Persian mistre… In 328, Statira's fiancé Mazaeus had died, without marrying the woman he was supposed to marry. "[5] Her birthdate is unknown; by 333 BC she was of marriageable age. Barsine was a daughter of Artabazus, a high ranking Persian and probably the former satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia. Alexander's Dalliances: Fact and tradition --Courtesans --Sons and mothers: Encounters with local queens --8. lexander's Men: Fact and tradition --The enigma of Hephaestion --Bagoas the eunuch --Hector --9.Alexander the Gynnis --The gynnis tale --What was a gynnis? Roxana (Old Iranian Raoxshna), alternatively Roxanne, Roxanna, Rukhsana, Roxandra, and Roxane, was a wife of Alexander the Great. Barsine or Statira (340/339-320): daughter of the Persian king Darius III Codomannus, married to Alexander the Great. Although many captured Persian women were treated brutally, under Alexander's orders Stateira, her mother, her sister Drypetis, her younger brother, and their paternal grandmother, Sisygambis, were treated well and allowed to retain their social status. Alexander's relations with women may not have been confined to marriage. When she saw Alexander the Great, she knew that he was the best her option. After her father's defeat at the Battle of Issus, Stateira and her sisters became captives of Alexander of Macedon. This can only mean that Statira had not reached the minimum age to marry in 328, thirteen, which in turn suggests that she was born after 341. However, although he could have had any women in the world, Alexander declared he would only have Roxane if she consented to the marriage. All rights reserved. Scholars debate whether the woman is Roxana or Stateira. Alexander the Great (Barsine - Europa) Terms in this set (60) Barsine. What are ancient texts saying to us when they describe Alexander the Great's romantic relationship with his wife Barsine, or comment on his homosexual relationship with Hephaestion? The daughter of the Bactrian chief Oxyartes, she was captured and married by Alexander in 327, during his conquest of Asia. However, there may have been political considerations, too: after 330, Alexander wanted to be recognized as king of Persia, and a Persian wife would surely improve the acceptance of … After reaching Pasargadae and Persepolis Alexander was seized with a longing to sail down the Euphrates and Tigris to the Persian Sea, and to see the mouths of the rivers flowing into the sea, like that of the Indus, and the sea in that region. He had little interest in loving his new wife and was more focused on conquering new lands. Barsine and Drypetis were left behind in the capital of Elam, Susa, to be educated as Macedonian girls. In March 324, Barsine married to Alexander, the man who was responsible for her father's death; at the same time, her sister Drypetis married to Alexander's closest friend Hephaestion (text). [5] By wedding both women, Alexander cemented his ties to both branches of the royal family of the Achaemenid Empire. They were treated well, and she became Alexander's second wife at the Susa weddings in 324 BC. The daughter of Bactrian nobleman Oxyartes, Roxane was a Sogdian or Bactrian princess. Alexander declined the offer,[6] reminding Darius that he already had custody of both the land and Stateira, and that if he chose to marry her Darius' permission would not be necessary. [8], Stateira may be depicted in a fresco found during the excavations at Pompeii. His Persian wife, Staetira may have also given birth to a son. She was also known as Stateira II. Barsine was Alexander's second wife Share Page of 2 Go; Next Last; Dia33mahanta Groupbie. He tells her that Athens is an idea. They were treated well, and she became Alexander's second wife at the Susa weddings in 324 BC. [7] At the same ceremony, Alexander married Parysatis, daughter of previous Persian ruler Artaxerxes III. Alexander's biographer Plutarch of Chaeronea tells us that Alexander, "esteeming it more kingly to govern himself than to conquer his enemies",note[Plutarch, Alexander 21.7.] Barsine's father's reign was an unhappy one. Home » Articles » Person » Statira/Barsine, About Pictures Sources Countries Languages Categories Tags Thanks FAQ Donate Contact Articles Stubs. To protect the position of her infant son, Roxane had Barsine and her sister murdered and hid their bodies in a well. Alexander and Barsine’s army stand opposite to each other at a distance. Memnon introduces his wife Barsine (Claire Bloom) to Alexander. Barsine's father's reign was an unhappy one. [1] Historian William Woodthorpe Tarn asserts her official name was "Barsine", but she was likely commonly called "Stateira". In his list of marriages that occurred at Susa, Arrian (c. 86 – after 146), calls her "Barsine". She was the daughter of the Persian satrap Artabazus. ( Public Domain ) Barsine may have given birth to Alexander’s son in 327 BC. beautiful. Barsine became the wife of her uncle Mentor, and after his death married her second uncle, Memnon. Barsine's father's reign was an unhappy one. [9], CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, page 464 (v. 1)", Pothos.org - Stateira, mother and daughter, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stateira_II&oldid=992093288, Murdered royalty of Macedonia (ancient kingdom), People who died under the regency of Perdiccas, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 13:30. Alexander refused, saying that he knew that her father had already promised the girl to his general Mazaeus. Susa Weddings Background Alexander the Great marries Stateira and Hephaistion marries Stateira's sister, Drypetis, at Susa.The Susa weddings was a mass wedding arranged by Alexander of Macedon in 324 BC in the Persian city of Susa. Among the captives were Darius' mother Sisygambis, his wife Statira, his five year old son Ochus, and two daughters, Barsine and Drypetis. [2] Tarn cites other instances of confusion, noting that by the end of the 3rd century BC, legend often confused Roxane with Stateira as the daughter of Darius. Posted: 2 years ago. [8] It was fairly common practice for conquering rulers to marry the widow or daughter of the man they had deposed. This marriage helped Alexander to connect his family with the Achaemenid dynasty forever. Previously, Alexander had disavowed the idea of marriage to his tutor, Aristotle, but it seems that this Afghani nobleman’s daughter had changed his mind. After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Stateira was killed by Roxana, his fir… Their names He married Barsine even though he already had a wife, Roxane, whom he had married in 327. Barsine was captured by Parmenion in Damascus, in late 333 BC, shortly after the battle of Issus. This means they were 5-7 and 4-6 when they were captured after the battle of Issus. According to popular renditions of the story, Alexander was smitten at the first sight of the Baron’s young daughter Roxane and quickly proposed to marry her. After Alexander’s death (323) she had his second wife, Stateira (Barsine), killed, and she gave birth at Babylon to a son (Alexander I After Alexander's death in 323 BC, Stateira was killed by Roxana, his first wife. Daughter of Oxyartes. Hephastian says Alexander when they could easily force Barsine to run, they can easily defeat Barsine and her army. After the battle of Gaugamela (1 October 331), Alexander occupied Babylonia, Elam, and Persia. Alexander's Wives: Fact and tradition --Roxane --Stateira --Parysatis --Barsine --7. sought no intimacy with Darius' wife. Researchers still debate about her real name, however on her marriage document to Alexander in 324 BC she is called Barsine. This is not true: Statira was captured in November 333 and died in childbirth in September 331. After her father's defeat at the Battle of Issus, Stateira and her sisters became captives of Alexander of Macedon. A read through the accounts of the Successor War years suggests it was the veteran of Alexander's campaigns and the former regent of Macedon, Polyperchon, who alone recalled the existence of Alexander's eldest son Heracles, a figure so He also tells us that she eventually bore him a child. Alexander says Puru is planning to attack them, let us wait and show Puru what kind of warrior and king I am. However, she and her younger sister must have been thirteen years old in 324. From Sogdian Rock in Bactria. After Memnon’s death of in 333 BC, she felt she was free to look for another relationship. Darius cannot have been the father of the baby. At the same ceremony Alexander also married her cousin, Parysatis, daughter of Darius' predecessor. Barsine was Alexander's second wife. … She was also a daughter of the influential Artabazus. At the same time, Alexander married to Parysatis, the daughter of the former Persian king Artaxerxes III Ochus. Barsine was once a wife of Memnon. Alexander was Barsine's third lover, and their affair may have been a grown-up continuation of a childhood friendship. After his death, his first wife Roxana colluded with Perdiccas to kill Stateira. Roxana aka Ruksana Conspired and Killed Alexander’s Other Two Wives – Barsine … After Alexander's death she was killed by his first wife Roxana. Buy flomax online. 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