Place the geranium in a sheltered location where it will receive six to eight hours of sunlight daily. Sever it 1/8 inch below a pair of leaves. Add water to the potting medium and mix until it is moist. The nice thing about geraniums is that they will go into dormancy easily, meaning you can store them in a similar fashion to storing tender bulbs. When it comes to how much sunlight do geraniums need, the answer depends on the specific geranium and your garden zone. Use your sharp knife to cut a piece from the geranium’s tip. Make sure to loosen up the root ball before replanting so to promote aeration and good nutrient absorption. Cut a stem from a healthy growing plant using a sharp, sterile knife. Bright and col… How to Root a Geranium From a Stem Cutting. Remove the geranium from the old flowerpot. Geraniums (Pelargonium x hortorum) are grown as annuals in most parts of the United States, but they are actually tender perennials. Once the cuttings are rooted, repot them in potting soil. Let’s look at these different ways. Their soil needs to be well drained. To take the cuttings, make sure you use a small, sharp knife that has been sterilized, cut off some new growth about 2-3 inches in length, dip the root end in some rooting hormone (Miracle Gro® FastRoot is what I use) and put it in some moist potting soil. Pour an inch of gravel into the flowerpot's saucer. Water when the soil starts to dry out, and, once the plant starts growing, fertilize it with a good houseplant fertilizer every month. Place the pot with the cuttings into a plastic bag to keep the air around the cutting humid. Water. Prune the geranium back by one-third. You may want to take them in summer so you can get new plants started in pots outdoors. Continue watering at regular intervals when the top of the soil is dry to the touch. Water it thoroughly, then place it in a bright location, but not in direct sunlight. At the end of summer, when the shrub is blooming or in spring when the vegetation phase kicks off, you will have the chance to prepare new plants from the one you already have!. Hang the plants upside down in either your basement or garage, someplace where the temperature stays around 50 F. (10 C.). The best time to take a cutting is when a plant has a flush of new growth, and before it sets buds, at any time during the growing season. Stick the cutting into a pot filled with vermiculite. Repot the geranium, using fresh potting soil (not garden soil). Geraniums love sunlight, so find a spot that gets 5–6 hours of direct sun a day, preferably sheltered from afternoon sun. Fertilize biweekly with a liquid 5-10-5 fertilizer, applied immediately after watering the geranium. Dip the cutting into rooting hormone, if you so choose. Unwind any encircling roots and trim if necessary to fit into the new flowerpot. Once you have done that it is important to transfer them to an adequate pot for further growth. Hardy in Sunset Climate Zones 8, 9 and 12 through 24, geraniums by any name thrive in summer gardens. Prune overwintered geraniums in the spring. A propagator is a worthwhile investment for any enthusiastic gardener. Red Geranium Leaves – Reasons For Red Leaves On A Geranium, What Is Vermiculite: Tips On Using Vermiculite Growing Medium, DIY Christmas Bows: How To Make A Holiday Bow For Plant Crafts, Paper Poinsettia Craft Ideas – How To Make Christmas Flowers, DIY Pinecone Christmas Tree: How To Make A Christmas Tree With Pinecones, Is It Too Late To Plant Bulbs: When To Plant Bulbs, How To Tell If A Plant Is Dead And How To Recover An Almost Dead Plant, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories, Norfolk Island Pine - The Perfect Christmas Tree, Winter Survival Guide: Creative Ways To Garden In Winter, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees. This is the perfect time to repot the geranium in fresh, new soil mix just before bringing them back out. To take a cutting, remove a 3- to 4-inch section of the plant's stem tip with a sharp knife. Start by taking 3- to 4-inch (7.5 – 10 cm.) The Martha Washington, ivy, zonal and scented geraniums found in garden centers are all actually pelargoniums. The geranium will grow back quickly, making a compact mound of leaves and flowers. The cuttings will root in six to eight weeks. Tamp the soil gently around the roots. Pinch off the leaves from the lower half of the cutting and dip the cut end into a rooting hormone. Dip the cutting into rooting hormone, if you so choose. Take cuttings about 6 inches long and remove all but the top leaves. Strip off any leaves on the bottom half of the cutting. Most geraniums root easily from stem cuttings in soil, coarse sand, water, perlite, or other rooting material. De Jauregui authored 50 Fabulous Tomatoes for Your Garden, available as an ebook. Dictionary of Garden Plants; Robert Ditchfield Publishers. Common garden or annual geranium plants are actually derived from the Pelargonium genus. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! If you cut too far off, the cutting … If the cool area you have in mind does not have enough light, place a lamp or light with a fluorescent bulb very close to the plant. Make the cut just below a leaf joint. The roots should not be clean, but rather free from clods of dirt. Getting geraniums to last over winter will reward you with large lush geranium plants long before your neighbors have bought theirs. Stick the cutting into the container, filled with damp, fresh seed compost. Water thoroughly until water runs out of the bottom of the flowerpot. Keep this light on 24 hours. Geraniums bear flowers that are red, purple, pink, orange, white and shades between, with new bloom colors offered each spring. The roots grow just as fast as the leaves and pretty soon, the pot gets too small for the plant. When cutting back a leggy geranium plant, it is also a good time to use the cuttings and try to make them root. Sign up for our newsletter. Now that you know how to winter geraniums three different ways, you can choose the way that you think will work best for you. How to Root Scented Geranium Cuttings. Harden Off Your Starts. You can also take cuttings in fall and … Prepare the Container. When saving geraniums for the winter in pots, dig up your geraniums and place them in a pot that can comfortably fit their rootball. She enthusiastically pursues creative and community interests, including gardening, home improvement and social issues. Be sure to remove all foliage from the cuttings that might fall below the water level; leaves in the water will rot. Add potting medium until the root ball is completely covered. A truly versatile plant there are over 300 species available ranging in color, shape, scent, size and foliage. Place the pot with the cuttings into a plastic bag to keep the air around the cutting humid. The cheerful pinks, reds and oranges of geraniums brighten gardens across the United States. Once your geranium plant is growing, all you need to do is water it regularly. When starting geranium cuttings, I do not use rooting hormones for two reasons. Originating in South Africa they can be grown in the United States as an annual plant. Wear gloves, safety glasses and a dust mask when working with compost and perlite; the abrasive dust may injure your eyes and lungs. The cuttings will root in six to eight weeks. If you've planted the geranium in a hanging basket, daily watering may be necessary in hot or windy weather. Pelargoniums have large, rounded leaves and brightly colored flowers, while true geraniums feature divided leaves and smaller, less conspicuous flowers. How to Take Care of Your New Geraniums. Snip off the tips of the roots and prune the branches to ⅔ rds their length. Instead, place the container in a location … Keep the geranium cuttings moist at all times, never letting the cuttings dry out. Water the pot thoroughly and place in a cool but well lit part of your house. Cuttings can be taken from plants beginning in fall, throughout the winter and even into early spring-- timing is not as critical as with garden geraniums (Pelargonium x hortorum) that are grown for their flowers. Press the soil firmly around the start, and cover the two bottom nodes with soil. Fill a 7.5cm (3in) pot with free-draining compost (a mix of 50 per cent cuttings compost and 50 per cent horticultural grit), firm and make six 2.5cm (1in) holes around the edge of the pot. Season to prepare geranium cuttings Saving geraniums for the winter can be done in of three ways. Store them in … Mulch helps maintain a consistent moisture level in a flowerpot, preventing excessive evaporation on warm or windy days. You can take cuttings any time the plant is actively growing. Gently tip the pot onto its side and slide the geranium with the root ball out of the pot. This gardening how-to video demonstrates the proper way to pot up rooted geranium cuttings. Repot in good soil and keep watered well until you see new shoots. Taking cuttings from outdoor plants Geraniums root readily from cuttings. Even better is the fact that learning how to keep geraniums over winter is easy. Keep them in a cool, sunny spot till they can go back outside again. Trim cutting to just below a node. When growing the scented geranium in a pot, repotting becomes a necessity. Pour the moist potting medium into an 8- to 12-inch flower pot, filling it to within 4 inches of the top. Saving geraniums for the winter using this method means that you will dig the plant up in the fall and gently remove the soil from the roots. Method two: Make new geranium plants from cuttings Geraniums also grow well in pots filled with … Continue reading Geranium care → The annuals are raised from seed; the perennials are propagated from cuttings. How to Take the Cuttings and the Correct Tools to Use. In Southern California, I water my geraniums about twice a week in the summer, and once a week in the winter. Geraniums should root … Prune the geranium's stems and branches back to 4 inches. Withhold watering from the geranium mother plant for two weeks before gathering stem cuttings for propagation. With luck, the cuttings … Fertilize biweekly with a liquid 5-10-5 fertilizer, applied immediately after watering the geranium. Adding plant food to the compost will enhance flowering and foliage growth. Keep well-watered and plant out in spring, after all risk of frost has passed. When cutting back a leggy geranium it’s a good time to also take the opportunity to repot the plant into fresh soil. If you prefer an organic fertilizer, apply compost tea weekly. In addition to garden or zonal geraniums (Pelargonium x hortorum), ivy geraniums (Pelargonium peltatum) fill baskets and scented-leaved geraniums (Pelargonium spp.) Dig up the geraniums by using a garden fork. cuttings from the green (still soft, not woody) part of the plant. Water and place in a sunny window — bright, filtered light (say, through a sheer curtain) is best. With degrees in fine and commercial art and Spanish, Ruth de Jauregui is an old-school graphic artist, book designer and published author. The fun part! This is also a great way to multiply the number of plants for next year's garden. Sloat Garden Center: Geraniums and Pelargoniums, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service: Geranium Culture for Home Gardeners, California Garden Clubs, Inc.: Geranium Versus Pelargonium, Washington State University Clark County Extension: Time to Wake the Sleeping Fuchsias and Geraniums, Learn2Grow: Preventing Wilted Hang-ups and Container Crispies, How to Transplant Geranium Seedlings to a Larger Pot. Put the cuttings in a jar of water in a bright spot but not in direct sun. And secondly, rooting hormones can cause root rot. Good luck! Tend the Cuttings. Pinch all remaining flowers between your thumb and forefinger to remove them; more flowers will appear if you put the plants indoors in front of a sunny window. This means that with a little care, getting geraniums to last over winter is possible. Fill a clean pot or container with soilless potting mix to hold the stem cutting … This is important as roots are formed directly from this joint. However, success depends on being able to supply good light and warm compost. Clay soils are okay, but dig in plenty of compost, and mound the soil before planting to improve drainage. If you are growing garden geraniums as annuals, taking cuttings in fall before the plants fade means you’ll have fresh … I find this method is unreliable—some years the geraniums do fine, other years they don’t—but it’s not a bad choice if… Stick the cutting into a pot filled with vermiculite. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. If … Add 2 inches of mulch to the top of the flowerpot, pulling it back 3 inches from the geranium's stem. In the warmest USDA zonesthey will grow as perennial plants. The cutting should be about 4 to 5 inches long and you must cut right below a node/joint. Once a month, soak the roots of the geranium plant in water for an hour, then re-hang the plant. Cramped roots … The hard part of planting your geraniums is getting them to produce roots. There is no particular best time of the year for taking cuttings from many of the members of the pelargonium family, because they have no dormancy and grow for twelve months of the year. In cooler climates geranium plants can be overwintered indoors before being replanted out in the spring. Keep parent plants in a sunny window; water when the soil surface is dry. This will provide enough light for getting geraniums to last over winter indoors, though the plant may get a little leggy. Knock the soil off to loosen the root balls, and plant each geranium in an 8- or 10-inch-diameter pot filled with commercial potting mix. Set the flower pot on top of the gravel. Repotting. The best time to repot is in the spring before the annual growth spurt. Make sure the pot has excellent drainage. (I like a combination of Miracle Gro® Potting Soil, Peat Moss, and Perlite). Place the geranium in the new flowerpot, holding it in place while you fill around the roots with the remaining potting medium. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. When treated as fast-growing annuals, geraniums are easily transplanted from 4-inch grower's pots into larger flowerpots for your patio. Cuttings is surely one of the easiest techniques to perform and it allows for propagation of geraniums in an affordable manner. In the spring, replant the dormant geraniums in the ground and they will spring back to life. In March or April, knock each cutting out of the pot and transplant into individual pots of multi-purpose compost. Do not place the cuttings in full sun. Remove wilted flowers regularly because the needlessly drain resources from the geranium. While taking cuttings is not technically how to keep geraniums over winter, it is how to make sure you have inexpensive geraniums for next year. It's not a very attractive look, and that's why geraniums should be pruned right at the beginning of the new growing season. Keep them in a cool, sunny spot till they can go back outside again. First, because geraniums are easy to root. Finally, they can also be grown as a houseplant. The geraniums will have continued to grow over the winter, sprouting long, woody legs. Using a sharp, clean knife, make a slanted cut 4 inches below a stem tip, above a node where leaves emerge. Here is a picture of what the geranium start looks like after a month or so. Make sure the pot has excellent drainage. 2 – For geraniums planted in the ground. Pull the geraniums out before the first frosts hit. This will encourage them to grow in a full, pretty shape as the weather gets warm. Once the cuttings are rooted, repot them in potting soil. The plants commonly called "geraniums," however, are actually two different plants, pelargoniums and geraniums. Getting the Geranium Cutting. 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