His wife was Damgalnuna (Damkina) and his children included Marduk, Asarluhi, Enbilulu, Adapa, and Nanse. In fact, he was quite the brainy god. Do not get this Enki confused with Enlil's ancestor Enki (the 'Lord Earth'). - Definition & Role in Society, Theories on the Origins of Religion: Overview, Mystery Cults and the Early Mother Goddess, Religions of Sumer and Akkad: Definition & History, What Are the Myths of Babylon? courses that prepare you to earn Image Credit: deviantart In the religion of Mesopotamian people, there were innumerable gods and goddesses, each of whom personified a specific aspect or element. Study.com has thousands of articles about every One such main goddess was Tiamat who symbolized the primordial ocean that gave birth to Mesopotamia’s first set of gods. As Marduk's scribe, Nabu was also the god of wisdom and learning, and had the ability to make prophecies come true by writing them. http://www.dl.ket.org/humanities/connections/class/ancient/mesopart.htm. Writing literally kept their massive civilizations organized and functioning. So, it makes sense that the god of writing was an important figure. 's' : ''}}. Mesopotamian deities were not confined to human form, but they were sometimes depicted that way. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. So, why was Nabu so important to the ancient Mesopotamians, and why was his cult maintained long after these societies had fallen into decline? Called Mulliltu in Assyria, Ninlil is the wife of Enlil. It was the very symbol of civilization. There were other symbols that represented Enki, including a goat-fish, a turtle, and a curved stick that ended with a ram's head. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview, Online Typing Class, Lesson and Course Overviews, Airport Ramp Agent: Salary, Duties and Requirements, Personality Disorder Crime Force: Study.com Academy Sneak Peek. The shrine was Enki's temple, called the E-abzu (house of the abzu) that stood in a city called Eridu. As such, he was seen as the god who provided fresh water for irrigation. Log in here for access. Praise Nabu. High quality Mesopotamian gifts and merchandise. Enki was a son of the god An (Anu) or goddess Nammu. Ancient History Ancient Greek Magic Symbols Ancient Mesopotamia Ancient Civilizations Gods And Goddesses Sacred Geometry Shamash (Akkadian Šamaš "Sun") was a native Mesopotamian deity and the sun god in the Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian pantheons. Did you know there is a large underground freshwater ocean called abzu (apsu)? QUESTIONS: In what year did the Mesopotamian education system begin to develop? Marduk, for example, the patron deity of Babylon, was symbolized with a triangular-headed spade; Nabu, the patron of writing, by a cuneiform wedge; Sin, the moon god, had a crescent moon as his symbol; and Ishtar, the goddess of heaven, was represented by a rosette, star, or lion. From its beginnings as a collection of farming villages around 5000 BCE, to the founding of Sumer at around 3200 BCE, Sumerian cuneiform, the earliest written language, was borrowed by the Babylonians, who also took many of their religious beliefs. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. In the Sumerian religion, Marduk is the "bull of Utu". The ancient Mesopotamian writing system was known as cuneiform, and it was generally made by pressing a wedge-shaped stylus onto clay. 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