It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Family: Salicaceae. The black cottonwood tree may grow a bit slower. Join us every Sunday morning at 10:45am until 12:15pm on our live stream video feed of our Sunday Worship service, plus every Wednesday night from 7-8pm! Cahuilla tribes used the wood for mortars and tools. Water regularly until established. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). A 1914 survey along the Gila River of Arizona showed 1,584 acres (641 ha) - 33% of the survey area - was occupied by Fremont and other cottonwoods. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. Cottonwood trees can add 6 feet in height each year making them the fastest growing trees in North America. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. The trees are also important for stabilizing stream banks, producing debris that provides habitat for fish, and providing erosion control and shade. Tree Characteristics. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). Cottonwood LIVE! The flowers are yellow-green in color and appear in early spring. Cottonwoods are fast-growing trees, adding about 3 feet to their height each year. There are only a few species of poplar trees that are classified as cottonwoods. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names Fremont Cottonwood Bark. Some of the grand old cottonwoods in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, with trunks five feet across. WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. Or go to our livestream page and rewatch any of our services in our archives! Rabbits, deer, elk, and moose feed on the tree’s shoots and stems. The lanceleaf cottonwood (Populus acuminata), hardy in … As seedlings and young trees, cottonwood grow in dense bands along river banks; as they mature, they thin themselves out, eventually creating “gallery forests” of widely spaced trees with a high canopy and an open understory. 5 Leaves are smooth and triangular, 2 – 3 inches (5 – 7.5 cm) long, slightly broader than long, with a rather abrupt tip. Identification: Habit: Populus fremontii is a deciduous tree that has an open habit with thick, broadly spread branches. It is a large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meter diameter. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Because of the land use in arid watersheds, the cottonwood riparian forests have been significantly decreased or destroyed. Unfortunately there are no released cultivars of the Fremont cottonwood. Floodplain elevation (and soil moisture) influenced shoot growth rate to different degrees among the 3 species. HABITAT: RANGE: The cottonwood grows mainly throughout the South Western United States. Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States. … Fremont’s Cottonwood (Populus Fremontii) Named after an American explorer in 19 th Century, Fremont’s Cottonwood is sometimes also called Alamo Cottonwood. They have a self-supporting growth form. The flowers are … Beavers use cottonwood for making dams and lodges and eat the bark for food. Life History. Longevity 40 to 150 years. Although cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards. The Fremont Cottonwood is a cottonwood native to North America, growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the southwestern part of the United States, and downwards into Mexico. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. Not necessary. Cottonwoods dominate the riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and stabilized gravel bars. Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade. Raptors often use cottonwoods for nest sites. Hollowed trees are used by hibernating bears and sometimes bats. From western Texas and northern Mexico, north to southern Colorado and west to California. Their simple, single toothed leaves which are alternately located (Shaw 1989) provide sufficient light to surrounding leaves, but may collectively be very shading. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. It is one of three species in Populus sect. http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900033, http://eol.org/schema/terms/self-supportingGrowthForm, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PO_0020042, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002359, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0007484, http://purl.dataone.org/odo/ECSO_00001143, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002303, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0019932, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0008548, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731, http://eol.org/schema/terms/NonInvasiveRange, http://eol.org/schema/terms/photosyntheticPathway, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900032, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/FLOPO_0900022, http://eol.org/schema/terms/terrestrialPlant, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrestrial_plant, http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ECOCORE_00000130. welcome to cottonwood life "I came that they may have life and have it abundantly" - John 10:10 livestream sermons facebook Contact; times/directions; Cottonwood LIVE! The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. Flooding is the primary disturbance in Fremont's cottonwood forests. Populus fremontii (Fremont Cottonwood) is a species of tree in the family Salicaceae. The Rio Grande cottonwood, a welcome sight to pioneers in the desert because it often signaled water, typically reaches 50 to 60 feet in height, with a trunk of three feet in diameter. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree its name). In closed stands, the trunk may as… Wildlife: Horses gnaw the sweetish bark, … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Plant Feed. During the early days of exploration of the western United States, cottonwood groves were used as an indicator of water, as they grow only on wet soil. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Fremont cottonwood is a flood-dependent species. Native: Southwestern United StatesGeneral Notes:A Populus fremontii in Riverdale is registered as a California Big Tree. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. They are most abundant in areas near water. Common Name: Fremont Cottonwood. Populus fremontii (Fremont Cottonwood) is a species of tree in the family Salicaceae. The National Wildlife Federation is providing resources to help families and caregivers across the country provide meaningful educational opportunities and safe outdoor experiences for children during these incredibly difficult times. Fremont Cottonwood has simple, broad leaves. It is native to United States and North America. As one of the major overstory trees in riparian areas of the western United States, and since riparian areas are some of the most productive wildlife habitats, the Fremont cottonwood is one of the most important plant species to western wildlife. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. The spirit images of numerous animals are housed inside its trunk. Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. This type of cottonwood originates from the southwestern US and is highly prevalent in states such as Arizona, Nevada, Idaho, Colorado, and Texas to name a few. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. Some species, such as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 years. Fremont cottonwood was the … Individuals can grow to 22 m. Forest Stewardship Notes, Washington State University Extension and DNR Small Forest Landowner Office, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, The University of Texas at Austin, The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. The Fremont cottonwood is a dioescious, desiduous tree. Cottonwood can also sprout shoots from lateral buds when the apical meristem is prostrated by floodwaters, snapped off in high winds, or pruned by beaver, deer, or other wildlife. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii S. Wats.. collect. Also, ground-water pumping lowers local and regional water tables and reduces stream flow, which can eliminate or weaken riparian vegetation. Fremont cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. Native Americans. The 3 main species are Populus deltoids (eastern cottonwood), Populus fremontii (Fremont’s cottonwood), and the Populus nigra (black poplar). Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Has Deciduous foliage. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. NATIVE OR NON-NATIVE: The Fremont Cottonwood Tree is native to Colorado. Fremont cottonwoods are distributed throughout the southwestern United States, from California eastward to Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, and southward into Mexico. The Fremont cottonwood life history has multiple affects on … Fremont's cottonwood propagates primarily from seed rather than asexually. Growth rates of 30 feet in a year have been reported. More than one-third of U.S. fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the coming decades. Populus fremontii is dominant or co-dominant in the tree canopy with Acer negundo, Baccharis sergiloides, Fraxinus latifolia, Fraxinus velutina, Juglans hindsii, Juglans hindsii × regia, Platanus racemosa, Quercus agrifolia, Salix exigua, Salix gooddingii, Salix laevigata, Salix lasiolepis, Salix lucida ssp. Fremont Cottonwood Tree Description Growth Characteristics One of the fastest-growing trees, Fremont Cottonwood grows at a rate of 10 to 20 feet per year, reaching a height of up to 90 feet at maturity. Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. It requires moist soil for its seeds to germinate. 83 The pale grayish bark is smooth in young trees, becoming darker and deeply furrowed as the tree ages. Fremont Cottonwood is native to the western regions of North America. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood , is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Sponsored Links: In southwest Phoenix I found many trees defoliated by the activities of a minute leaf miner that … In open areas, the tree may divide into branches near its base, producing a spreading crown. This Fremont Cottonwood is the largest specimen of Fremont Cottonwood, which also makes it the largest flowering plant in the United States. Fremont cottonwood is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that may reach 60 feet (20 m) or more. Search, discover, and learn about wildlife. It has a self-supporting growth form. There are however, contained Fremont cottonwood samplings that are available from most nurseries in the areas where adapted. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Many insects—and the birds and other predators that feed on them—thrive in cottonwoods. Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. It requires moist soil for its seeds to germinate. This champion Fremont Cottonwood of Arizona made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. A classic favorite for landscape focal points and a good choice for any location where shade is desired. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Goodding willow and Fremont cottonwood seedlings showed zonation in the floodplain, while salt cedar was equally abundant in zones with saturated and dry surface soils. Cottonwoods have a gently spreading shape, with a canopy width that ranges from 25 feet for the black cottonwood to about 50 feet for the Fremont cottonwood. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Refe… In the desert, it needs weekly watering during hot weather if roots cannot tap the water table. Uses. They are native to United States and North America. Aigeiros. Fremont cottonwood definition is - a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern U.S. and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular yellowish green leaves. Best used for large scale plantings. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. The leaves have coarse teeth on the margins and turn golden yellow in the fall. Individuals can grow to 22 m. EOL has data for 22 attributes, including: Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Fremont cottonwood. They're also long-lived trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years. It measures 84 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 360 inches and a crown spread of 67 feet.Tree CharacteristicsShape: Oval, Rounded or UmbrellaFoliage: Deciduous, Deltoid, Light Green, Gold, Deciduous.Height: 40 - 80 feet.Width: 30 - 50 feet.Flowers: Inconspicuous. This ancient Fremont Cottonwood stands at the entrance to a now-deserted Utah prairie homestead. In early-mid spring, clusters of long drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees. Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. The fruit they produce is a small, light brown egg-shaped capsule that splits three ways to disseminate many small seeds covered with cotton-like fluff for wind dispersal. We're on the ground in seven regions across the country, collaborating with 53 state and territory affiliates to reverse the crisis and ensure wildlife thrive. Anywhere, any time. The cottonwood tree is a hardwood tree that loses its leaves in the fall. Populus fremontii ssp. Livestock grazing has also been identified as a leading factor in the degradation of riparian habitats in the western United States. Cottonwoods can live for more than 130 years. In 4 seconds, you will be redirected to nwfactionfund.org, the site of the National Wildlife Action Fund, a 501(c)(4) organization. Height: 40 - 80 feet. When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. Width: 30 - 50 feet. Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . Facebook; YouTube; Google+; 273 County Rd 527, Dublin, TX 76446; 254-445-2929; It is a photoautotroph. As the tree ages, the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks. They have simple, broad leaves. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. Watering. The tree has a moderate life span relative to other plants and a rapid growth rate. 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