was born in (Kingdom of Edom), Saudi Arabia. In the year B.C. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Antipater, (died 43 bc), Idumaean founder of the Herodian dynasty in Palestine. Alternative Father of Possible Children: Antipater (Governor) of … Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern… Born: ? 76 BC. ANTIPATER. Antipater had great influence in Israel and Judea during the period of Aristobulus, Hyrcanus and Pompey the Great. Antipater was thus brought up as an Idumean and later won the friendship of Hyrcanus II. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Hyrcanus at first refused credence to Antipater, but finally allowed himself to be gained over. His father, Antipater the Idumaean, was the close advisor of the Hasmonean king Hyrcanus II, and his mother Cypros was a Nabatean princess. Antipater I the Idumaean (Biblical Edom) (died 43 BC), was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty. Antipater was likewise the name of various eminent men in ancient times – physicians, philosophers, historians, poets, mathematicians, and grammarians.” From The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, vol. Eventually, Cassander would take control of Macedon and before his own death in 297 BCE would execute not only Alexander’s wife Roxa… Updates? Corrections? Omissions? the IDUMAEAN. HRE Ferdinand I's 42-Great Grandfather. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Antipater-Idumaean-governor-of-Judaea, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Antipater. Personal details. Antipater, however, retained his position of influence even after Hyrcanus was stripped of all political power by Gabinius (57 B.C.). After the destruction of Jerusalem, Idumaea was included in Arabia Petraea. would not retain him in his position. Antipater was a Macedonian general and a supporter of kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great. He was the second son of Antipater the Idumaean, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and Cypros, a Nabatean Arab. His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce). ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of * Herod . Antipater I the Idumaean, an Edomite whose ancestors converted to Judaism, produces a son named Herod. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … Herod was born in (or around) 72 BCE in Idumea, south of Judea. This son was also named Antipater and it was he who was the father of Herod the Great. In 320 BC, he became regent of all of Alexander's Empire. Antipater was the real power behind the throne of John Hyrcanus II (Yonatan) (63-40BC). Antipater (c. 397–319 BC), Macedonian general; Antipater II of Macedon, king of Macedon from 297 to 294 BC; Antipater Etesias (died 279 BC), king of Macedon; Antipater of Derbe; Herodians. The remnant of independence which Pompey had allowed to Judea, whose nominal king was now Hyrcanus II., proved of great advantage to Antipater, as he now held Hyrcanus completely under his control. Antipater (c. 399-319 BCE) was a Macedonian statesman and loyal lieutenant of both Alexander the Great and his father Philip II of Macedon.As a regent in Alexander's absence, Antipater subdued rebellions and mollified uprisings, proving his unwavering loyalty for more than a decade. Murder is the legally unjustified killing of one person by another. Born: ? No good, however, came to Judea by his death, for the power of the Idumean house was not annihilated thereby, and his sons, particularly Herod, carried on the work of the destruction of Judea. Notes about Antipater II 'the Idumaean' Procurator (Antipater II 'the Idumaean') Procurator Antipater the Idumaean From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. xiv. 9 likes. He was as energetic in his services to Cassius as formerly to Cæsar, and was most prompt in delivering the 700 talents which the Jews had to contribute for Cassius' army. The legend refuses to regard him even as a half-Jew (Deut. Antipater was one of the sons of a Macedonian nobleman called Iollas or Iolaus and his... Antipater the Idumaean Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). About Antipas I, Governor of Idumaea He was not the son of Jason Maccabee or grandson of Elazar Maccabeus. Antipater the Idumaean (died 43 BC), father of Herod the Great; Antipater (son of Herod I) (46–4 BC), son of Herod the Great Antipater, son of Salome, Herod the Great's sister E-J, p. 585, it is very clear that Herod the Great had both a father and a grandfather by the name of Antipater: the IDUMAEAN. His son Cassander, as always, remained at his side. Born in the south of Judea, he was the son of a high-ranking Roman officer named Antipater the Idumaean. As long as Cæsar lived he remained his partizan, foreseeing the ultimate victory of the great general; but after his assassination, Antipater sided with Cassius because the latter had seized Syria, and Judea could not have stood against him. In the year B.C. Antipater of Thessalonica: Antipater of Thessalonica (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος) was the author of over a hundred epigrams in the Greek Anthology. In return for Antipater’s support, Caesar appointed him procurator of Judaea in 47 bc. See also Herod I. and Hyrcanus II. Unfortunately, Cassander was not named the heir. Cæsar rewarded Antipater by appointing him governor (ἐπίτροπος) of Judea in the year 47 B.C. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. 0 The Idumaean Antipater was appointed by Julius Caesar procurator of Judaea, Samaria and Galilee, as a reward for services rendered against Pompey. Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. Antipater I the Idumaean was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. On the death of his father, there followed a turbulent period of in-fighting involving his brother and various Roman factions. Antipater gained power in Judaea by making himself useful to the Romans. Hellenistic leaders. Poss. E-J, p. 585, it is very clear that Herod the Great had both a father and a grandfather by the name of Antipater: 76 BC. Antipater the Idumaean. Antipater the Idumaean: | |Antipater I the Idumaean| (died 43 BC) was the founder of the |Herodian Dynasty| an... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. 47, Julius Caesar made Antipater, a “wily Idumaean,” procurator of Judea, who divided his territories between his 4 sons, Galilee falling to the lot of Herod, who was afterwards appointed tetrarch of Judea by Mark Antony (B.C. i. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. would not retain him in his position. Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. Born in the south of Judea, he was the son of a high-ranking Roman officer named Antipater the Idumaean. When his personal interests did not conflict with those of the Jews the crafty Idumean was of great service to them. He acquired great influence because of his father's position. The story starts with Antipater, the father of Herod. Antipas was born in (Kingdom of Edom), Saudi Arabia. Although his father worshipped Jewish gods, he was not technically a Jew. His proconsul arranged "all affairs of Jerusalem according to the will of Antipater," a phrase which seems to indicate that Antipater was made the tax-collector of the Jewish realm. He was the second son of Antipater the Idumaean, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and Cypros, a Nabatean Arab. Antipater the Idumaean: Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. The Jewish origin of this legend is attested by Justin Martyr ("Dialogus cum Tryphone," lii. the Great was Idumaean. Herod was born in (or around) 72 BCE in Idumea, south of Judea. Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. The Romans grouped Idumaea with Judaea and Samaria in one procuratorship. The struggle for the throne was long and bloody and ended with Herod murdering several of his very own family members. Antipater then took Hyrcanus with him to Aretas, who forthwith proceeded with a large army against Aristobulus, and defeated him. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The dispute was referred to Rome, and decision was given against Aristobulus. His successors in the first years after his death recognized him officially as a divinity, except Antipater (Suidas, s.v. 233 et seq., 278 et seq., 282-285. The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Systems of Transliteration Citation of Proper Names. ; and, what was of still greater advantage to Antipater, Hyrcanus was made ethnarch instead of Antigonus, son of Aristobulus II. Antipater the IdumaeanAntipater the Idumaean. Poss. ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. HRE Ferdinand I's 42-Great Grandfather. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. Herod was a client king (or close ally) of Rome, but his route to the throne was not a straightforward one. Jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the son of Alexander and Candace, avenged his father's death on Antipater and others. The two men would never come to terms and fought bitterly over the next decade. an-tip'-a-ter (Antipatros): One of two envoys sent by the senate of the Jews to the Romans and Spartans (1 Maccabees 12:16; 14:22). ), who characterizes this statement of Herod's origin from Ascalon as Jewish. Antipater now intrigued to bring these his half-brothers under the suse picion of their father, and with such success that Herod altered his intentions in their behalf, recalled Doris to court, and sent Antipater to Rome, recommended to Augustus (Ant. (Julius Africanus, "Epistola ad Aristidem," v.; Migne, "Patrologie," x. 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