At the end of a long and contentious design and selection process, the Army eventually picked the M-14 rifle chambered in the new 7.62x51mm cartridge to replace the M-1 Garand. That being said, the advent of better quality bullets has made the .223 Remington a much more effective big game hunting than it used to be. Most … It is a well known cartridge, capable of travelling long distances with lots of energy to knock down your intended target. Although not identical, the .308 Winchester and military 7.62×51mm NATO cartridges are similar enough that they can be loaded into rifles chambered for the other round, but the .308 Winchester cartridges are typically loaded to higher pressures than 7.62×51mm NATO service cartridges. _____ Ballistic data for the 5.56x45mm and 7.62x51mm cartridges were obtained from Inetres. We examine the history of these cartridges and compare them side-by-side in several categories that are important to hunters and sport shooters. Performance varies with barrel length, but typical .223 ballistics with factory ammo are a 50gr bullet at 3,345fps (1,242 ft-lbs), a 55gr bullet at 3,240fps (1,282 ft-lbs), and a 62gr bullet at 3,100fps (1,323 ft-lbs). Now I have another rifle in .308 that has a 22" barrel that I was considering having cut down to 20" to make it … The more common term for these cartridges among enthusiasts is the Flobert. First, lets start with the areas where the .223 Remington and .308 Winchester are similar. Generally speaking, .223 Remington ammunition is less expensive than .308 Winchester ammunition. First of all, the two cartridges share a lot of history. The following ammunition cartridge ballistics information and chart can be used to approximately compare .22-250 Remington vs .308 Winchester ammo rounds. The 308 is actually the commercial designation of the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge. Indeed, the .223 Remington and .308 Winchester rank right up there with the .270 Winchester and .30-06 Springfield at the top of the list of the most popular centerfire rifle cartridges in the United States. Combined with the fact that the .308 Winchester uses a much longer case, it has significantly more case capacity than the .223 Remington. The .308 Winchester certainly doesn’t look like a long-range cartridge, though it can certainly handle shots out to ethical distances. For a more detailed discussion on the differences between the .223 Remington and 5.56x45mm NATO cartridges, read this article: Second, some of the links below are affiliate links. Mag. This is part of the reason why each have such a dedicated and loyal following and why the 223 vs 308 debate continues to rage on after so many years. Get a .308 Winchester since it’s much more powerful and there are lots of great ammunition choices designed for that sort of hunting. Go with the .223 Remington as the recoil that cartridge produces is virtually non-existant. The .223 Remington shoots small diameter, lightweight bullets at a very high velocity. are great chamberings for a hunting rifle. Furthermore, the muzzle energy of a .22-250 Remington round averages out to 1620 ft-lb, while a .308 Winchester round averages out to about 2620 ft-lb. Each cartridge has also been used extensively by military forces all over the world, including the US Military and the armed forces of many other NATO members. https://thebiggamehuntingblog.com/556-vs-300-blackout-vs-308-winchester/. This round was originally brought to be in the form of the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge, but Winchester commercially produced and sold it as the .308 Winchester. Far less well known, however, is the other calibre that goes by the .308 title: the .308 Norma. I can testify to that. My ol'man shot many moose with his .303 lee enfield, he bought a winchester 88 .308, used it for 2 years. In this article, we will be taking a look at two very popular cartridges in the US and the world, the .243 Win and .308 Win. Both will work, but the .223 Remington is the better choice here because it has a flatter trajectory, ammunition is cheaper, and there are many types of .223 ammo specifically designed for predator and varmint hunting. ‘Karamojo’ Bell, the famous elephant hunter who was a proponent of the 7x57 for the pachyderms, stated the shorter bolt throw would have made the .308 Winchester the best elephant cartridge ever. Derived from the .223 Remington (which was itself descended from the .222 Remington cartridge), the original M193 ball load for the 5.56x45mm cartridge fired a .224″ 55 grain full metal jacket bullet at 3,250 feet per second (1,290 foot pounds of energy). They don't compare in any manner. Again, the above is for comparative information purposes only, and you should consult the exact ballistics for the particular .22-250 Remington or .308 Winchester cartridge you're looking at purchasing. The .308 Winchester may not be the end-all, be-all cartridge for deer hunting, but it is a winner and for a majority of people and hunting environments, it just might be the best “compromise” caliber. When fired from the exact same rifle, the .223 Remington has less than 1/5 the recoil of the .308 Winchester. Are you very sensitive to recoil? 223/5.56 vs 300 Blackout vs 308 Winchester: Which Is Best? Maximum pressure obtained from SAAMI (p24 and p31). If weight is the issue I’d rather make it up on the stock, mounts and glass. While there is a small overlap in their capabilities, the two cartridges represent two vastly different ways of thinking: smaller, lighter, and faster vs bigger, heavier, and slower. Additionally, the heavier bullets with a higher ballistic coefficient used by the .308 Winchester retain more energy and velocity than the lightweight .223 bullets. This helps support the blog and allows me to continue to create free content that’s useful to hunters like yourself. Though it’s difficult to choose a winner when it comes to accuracy of the 223 vs 308 at short range, the .308 Winchester has longer effective range and big advantage at ranges past 500 yards because those heavier bullets retain more energy and are less susceptible to wind drift. vs. .338 Federal vs. .45-70 Govt. Knowing the history of the .30-06 and .308 is important because the two rounds are directly related. Just like with ammunition, there are lots and lots of semi-automatic, pump, and bolt action rifles chambered in .223 Remington and .308 Winchester to choose from and virtually every firearms manufacturer produces rifles chambered in both cartridges. If your shoulder will take it, the 30-06 will do slightly better than a 308 at 1000 yards. Though the .308 Winchester does have more stopping power, both cartridges are well suited for home or self defense, particularly due to the availability of well designed semi-automatic rifles and large amounts of high quality ammunition at a reasonable price. However, lightly constructed bullets designed for varmint hunting (like the Hornady V-Max, Nosler Varmageddon, and Winchester Varmint X) are most common with the .223 Remington. The .308 Winchester is one of the best big game hunting cartridges around and it holds a clear advantage over the .223 Remington when it comes to hunting medium to large sized game. I prefer 22”, but 20” would be a better compromise in lieu of 18” for me. Are you tired of trying and constantly making errors? Even the American armed forces have a long history with the 308. This means I will earn a small commission (at no extra cost to you) if you make a purchase. However, the typical .308 Winchester load has more than twice the muzzle energy than the typical .223 Remington load. Buy some of the best .308 Winchester hunting ammo here. Indeed, the typical .308 Winchester load still has as much or more energy remaining at 400-500 yards as the .223 Remington does at the muzzle. Let us begin by understanding the two cartridges historically. Prices and availability for each cartridge vary from region to region, but ammunition for both cartridges is widely available. On the other hand, since it shoots heavier, larger diameter, and generally much better constructed bullets, the .308 Winchester has a clear advantage when hunting larger species like deer, caribou, elk, and red stag. Number One: Ballistics. Please email us if you have questions about any of our product listings. The answer may surprise you. Later, when the military upgraded from the 1903 to the semi-automatic M1 … The .22LR is nothing short of a relic, predating all but its predecessor — the true ancestor of all self-contained metallic cartridges, the .22 BB (prior to this stage of ammunition development, most ammunition, particularly by all the countries’ military, typically employed the use of paper cartridges). The two cartridges also have great reputations for accuracy and are very popular among competition shooters all over the world. For a more detailed discussion on the .308 Winchester and how it compares to the .30-06 Springfield, read this article: 308 vs 30-06 vs 300 Win Mag: Which Cartridge Should You Be Hunting With? All things considered, it’s an excellent all-around cartridge for big game hunting in New Zealand, Africa, or North America. The 308 Winchester was birthed by the 30-06 back in 1952. W.D.M. Specifically, they wanted a rifle capable of fully automatic fire and with a detachable magazine along the lines of the German StG-44 or the Soviet AK-47. And even took a caribou at 330 yards and one at around 400 yards. Of these, 55 grain, 62 grain, and to a lesser extent, 77 grain bullet weights are by far the most common. 308 Winchester / 7.62x51mm NATO: Barrel Length versus Velocity (28″ to 16.5″) Introduction. .22LR vs .22 Magnum, vs .22 Hornet, vs .223 Remington The M855A1 load uses a lead free 62 grain bullet made from copper alloy with a steel penetrator. If we’re really being honest with ourselves though, the two cartridges are best suited for radically different tasks: the .223 Remington for varmint and pest control and the .308 Winchester for big game hunting. The two have more similarities than differences. Bullets heavier than 140 grains tend to not fully stablize due to the rifling twist rate. I grew up with a Remington model 7 .308 win which has a 20" barrel. On the other hand, most .308 Winchester factory loads use bullets in the 110-180 grain range. The .30-06 Springfield round began its life when it was developed as the caliber for the Springfield M1903 bolt action rifle, which was adopted into widespread serviceby the U.S Army in World War I. As illustrated in the chart, .22-250 Remington rounds - on average - achieve a velocity of about 3790 feet per second (fps) while .308 Winchester rounds travel at a velocity of 2680 fps. Both cartridges are also extremely accurate and have seen extensive use in the hands of military and police snipers and designated marksmen as well as competition shooters. That is to say, .22-250 Remington bullets travel 4.3 times the speed of a 737 airplane at cruising speed, while .308 Winchester bullets travel 3 times that same speed. As the rounds move downrange, we do see the .308 Win rounds start to lose momentum at a faster rate than the .270 Win … In 1952, Winchester commercially released the .308 round along with chambering its Model 70 and Model 88 rifles for the cartridge. For instance, the vast majority of .223 Remington factory loads shoot bullets in the 35-90 grain range. On the other hand, the military was not pleased with the performance of the M-14 as the primary infantry service rifle and decided to move on to something new after just a few years. .308 as well. The Lyman 50th Edition (p139-143 & 241-245) and Hornady 10th Edition (p160-178, 474-488) reloading manuals were also used as references for this article. Please click the above links to take a look at all of the .22-250 Remington and .308 Winchester ammo we have in stock and ready to ship, and let us know any parting thoughts in the comment section below. Looking at the same Federal Premium Championship Training rounds we cited above, we see that the .22 LR, when zeroed to 50 yards, drops 5.6 inches at 100 yards. .300 Blackout vs 7.62×39: Everything You Need To Know. Thanks for your support. For a more detailed discussion on the .308 Winchester and how it compares to the 6.5 Creedmoor cartridge as well as how the .223 Remington compares to some other popular high velocity cartridges, read the articles below: 6.5 Creedmoor vs .308 Winchester Debate Settled, 22-250 vs 223 vs 204 Ruger vs 220 Swift: Clash Of The Speed Demons. Both cartridges got their start in the time period between World War II and the Vietnam War when the US Military was searching for a replacement to the venerable M-1 Garand rifle and .30-06 Springfield cartridge. That’s why the 308 Win shines on elk with a Nosler Partition as that bullet works very well at 308 Win speeds. Please note, the following information reflects the estimated average ballistics for each caliber and does not pertain to a particular manufacturer, bullet weight, o However, modifications to the rifle and the propellant used in the cartridge solved many of those issues and both remain in common use by military forces all over the world. 150 grain, 165 grain, 168 grain, and 180 grain bullets are the most popular. We offer cheap ammo and bulk ammo deals on the most popular ammo calibers. Felt recoil will vary from shooter to shooter and rifle to rifle, but free recoil energy is still a useful way to compare the two cartridges. Both the .300 Win. Heck, the .308 Winchester is so much larger that it can almost fit an entire .223 Remington cartridge inside its case. To learn more about the 6.5 Grendel and .300 AAC Blackout, which were also developed in an effort to improve upon the terminal performance of the 5.56x45mm cartridge, check out the articles below: 6.5 Grendel vs 6.5 Creedmoor: Which Is Right For You? I want the .308 for the power but the .223 for the cost to run and lack of recoil. Copyright © 2020 Big Game Hunting Adventures LLC | All Rights Reserved, 223/5.56 vs 300 Blackout vs 308 Winchester, BEST 6.5 CREEDMOOR AMMO FOR HUNTING ELK, DEER, & OTHER BIG GAME, 300 Blackout vs 7.62×39: Everything You Need To Know, https://thebiggamehuntingblog.com/223-556-vs-762×39/, https://thebiggamehuntingblog.com/556-vs-300-blackout-vs-308-winchester/, 6.5 Creedmoor vs 243 Winchester Review & Comparison, 6.5 Creedmoor vs 7mm-08 Remington Review & Comparison, 6.5 Grendel vs 308: Everything You Need To Know, Essential Muzzleloader Supplies Every Hunter Needs In 2020, The 300 Ultra Mag (300 RUM): Your Complete Guide, 6.8 SPC vs 6.5 Grendel: What You Need To Know, 6.5 PRC: Ultimate Guide To What You Need To Know, 458 Win Mag vs 458 Lott: What You Know May Be Wrong, 5 Of The Best Traditional Muzzleloaders For Hunters In 2020, Best 22LR Ammo For Hunting, Plinking, Target Shooting & More. All in all, the M855A1 has been well received and has a reputation for being more accurate, penetrating barriers more effectively, and having better terminal performance than the old M193 and M855 ball ammunition. I used the Hornady Ballistic calculator and Handloads.com to compare wind drift, the range each bullet goes subsonic, and recoil for the cartridges. The 308 will reach to 1000. Cartridge case capacities were obtained from Chuck Hawks. .308 Winchester vs. 7.62×51mm NATO. Buy a really good .308 Winchester hunting rifle here. Thank you for your thoughtful insight. In particular, AR-15 style rifles are very popular with the .223 Remington. While they are both rifle rounds, their calibers, their average grain weights, their fps (feet per second) speeds and their impacts are so radically different that they cannot be compared. Additionally, the .308 Winchester has a larger (.473″ vs .378″) case diameter than the .223 Remington. .308 Winchester Overview. There are also lots of good quality FMJ, hollow point, and soft point .224 and .308 caliber bullets to choose from, so you shouldn’t have much trouble working up a custom load that shoots very accurately in your chosen rifle. Released by Winchester in 1952 (and adopted by NATO in 1954 as the 7.62x51mm NATO), the 308 Winchester has gained universal acceptance amongst shooters of all types. Test Barrel Lost 22.7 FPS Per Inch (.308 Win Chambering) How much velocity do you think was lost, on average, for each 1″ reduction in barrel length? The military settled on the M-16 rifle and the high velocity 5.56x45mm cartridge and the US Air Force, Army, and Marine Corps adopted the new rifle and cartridge during the 1960s. He went for moose to ease case extraction and cartridge feeding in bolt action rifles well. The vast majority of.223 Remington load big game like deer, elk, bears... 261 fps total a cruising speed of 600 mph, or 880.. 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The pertinent information rifles as well as machine guns WMR round only drops 2.1 inches giving... Was 261 fps total and a calf the following ammunition cartridge ballistics information and can! Are both solid rifle cartridges bullets ( like the Hornady GMX and the Model 70 bolt-action, Model 100 and... Better compromise in lieu of 18 ” for me small diameter, lightweight bullets at a very high.. Just a little behind the 7mm remmag ol'man shot many moose with his lee... Energy to knock down your intended target.223 and.308 Winchester uses a much better for. Buying archery, camping, fishing, hunting, shooting sports, YouTube! On with civilian hunters and sport shooters actually the commercial designation of the 7.62x51mm can. Cartridge feeding in bolt action rifles as well as machine guns appreciated the efficiency, power, and,...